The most common sites for muscle spasms are the thighs, calves, foot arches, hands, arms, abdomen and sometimes along the ribcage. Dehydration can cause symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue, headache, confusion, mental deterioration, muscle cramps, muscle spasms, death, and seizures. It might also bend forward, sideways or backward. Anxiety, stress and poor sleep can contribute to a number of bodily issues, including muscular spasms. Alcoholic myopathy, also known as alcoholic rhabdomyolysis, is a condition in which the skeletal muscle breaks down during an alcohol binge or withdrawal from chronic use. Advice about self-care measures such as stretching and massaging the affected muscle(s) to alleviate or reduce the frequency of attacks. Symptoms. Muscle spasms can occur across the entire body and are caused by a variety of things, from hyperactivity and fatigue to dehydration and ion imbalances. Certain medications can also cause muscle cramps. Leg cramps are characterized by sudden muscle tightness, most commonly in the foot, thigh, or calf, that may last from seconds to minutes. Tetanus is a serious life-threatening disorder characterized by excessive and all over hyper excitation of nerves, leading to profound muscle cramps all over the body. The first step to understanding what your back muscle spasm is telling you is to visit a doctor and get an accurate diagnosis. Many medicines can contribute to muscle spasms. Or, there can be cramps in leg muscles that make walking or running difficult. You can usually treat muscle cramps with self-care measures. Dystonia can cause spasms in your calf muscles. While there is much debate regarding restless leg syndrome, it can cause discomfort that is worse during the night. If mild it may cause no symptoms. Otherwise known as muscle cramps, spasms occur when a muscle involuntary and forcibly contracts and cannot relax. Medications that can cause muscle spasms in the legs—those “Charley horses” that can wake you from sleep—include the diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) that are used to treat high blood pressure. Muscle relaxants can treat leg cramps related to a lack of muscle control or liver disease. Muscle cramps can be triggered by magnesium deficiency, activity levels, aging, dehydration, pregnancy, alcohol and medication. A muscle relaxant can reduce stiffness and spasms and may be particularly useful to treat painful night-time spasms. Drugs used to treat Muscle Spasm The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition. Treatment. Reassurance that idiopathic leg cramps are common, have no underlying cause, and can resolve spontaneously. Risks & Causes. Writer's cramps of the hand and fingers are similarly caused by prolonged use of the small muscles in the hand and the overused muscles cramp. Cramp is a painful, involuntary contraction of the muscle: Your muscles goes into spasm and tightens up automatically. It's usually a lifelong problem, but treatment can help relieve the symptoms. Muscle cramps often go away without any treatment. Watch: Lower Back Strain Video. The most common site of a cramp as we age is in the calf. Some cramping is related to potentially serious medical conditions. The largest muscle and the one that brings the most concern is the heart. Cramps can be perceived as mild twitches or may be excruciatingly painful. Forceful stretching of the affected muscles usually relieves these leg cramps. Causes. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Of the 13 causes of muscle cramps listed above, most sports enthusiasts will swear that dehydration is the primary culprit; however, recent evidence suggests otherwise. Tetany can cause muscle spasm, ... Also, certain toxins can cause muscle cramps. If you experience these postures, you may find that your head pulls to one side. It is important to make sure to get a decent number of uninterrupted hours of sleep and to manage anxiety with … Learn about 20 triggers, from running and pregnancy to common medications. certain medications can also cause leg cramps. Treatment. These medications cause cramps by a variety of mechanisms. Usually, instinct takes over when a leg cramp strikes and you massage and stretch the sore muscle. Unfamiliar exercise activities can also cause muscle spasms to occur. Numerous medicines can cause muscle cramps. Most muscle cramps can be stopped if the muscle can be stretched. Report medication-related muscle cramps … Find out what causes leg cramps here. these include: *high blood pressure drugs *statins to treat high cholesterol *medications for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd). Symptoms of dystonia include: uncontrolled muscle cramps and spasms Making sure you stay well-hydrated also can help. Some of the causes of shin cramps also include staying in a particular position for a prolonged period of time that puts undue strain on the shin area. Apply ice to sore muscles. How can I manage a muscle cramp? Nocturnal leg cramps are a common cause of pain in the legs that can disrupt sleep. Cramp symptoms . They may interfere with electrolyte levels, contribute to the breakdown of muscle tissue, or interfere with blood flow. If a cramp occurs, stretching the affected muscle often relieves the cramp. Spinal stenosis can result in calf cramps. Muscle weakness and aches throughout the body can be symptoms of statin-induced rhabdomyolysis, a breakdown of skeletal muscle that causes muscle … Consumption of some recreational drugs is known to cause muscle problems. It can start at any age. Check if you have dystonia. Medication use: Some medications can cause muscle spasms as a side effect, including statin drugs and corticosteroids like prednisone. These medications - which include common prescription drugs like statins, medications with a diuretic effect, or medicines designed to alter your blood pressure - tend to interfere with the electrolyte balance in your body. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs painkillers, can help you if you have pain or swelling along with groin cramp. Some diuretics may cause cramps because they decrease the amount of potassium, magnesium, sodium, and fluids in the body. While muscle spasms may occur over the entire body, muscle spasms under the rib cage may be cause for concern as they might be an indication of serious medical conditions. For example, for a calf cramp, the person could use a hand to pull the foot and toes upward or could do the runner's stretch. Some Medications Can Cause Muscle Cramps. Abdominal spasms can occur when a person decides to begin working their abdominal muscles by doing sit-ups and repeating too many too quickly. It can make your toes curl under your foot, or make your big toe extend out or up. Suggestive Findings. Advice on the use of analgesia if the muscle is tender after a cramp. Offering written self-care advice. While these medicines can help stop a groin cramp, they can cause several side effects and should only be used occasionally and only with doctor’s prescription. Cramps occur commonly, it is estimated that 60 percent of adults have cramps from time to time. Table. Lipitor / Anti- Cholesterol Meds – This common prescription drug is designed to lower cholesterol in the blood. If a disorder that can cause muscle cramps is identified, it is treated. Cause. The goal is to identify what muscle is causing the problem and to determine why it’s reacting. Dystonia can cause unusual postures of your head, neck and shoulders. While mild deficiency of potassium can cause cramps, it is often more associated with generalized muscle weakness. Your doctor can show you stretching exercises that can help you reduce your chances of getting muscle cramps. Some Drugs and Disorders Associated With Muscle Cramps. Side effect of certain medications (cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins, asthma medications, high blood pressure medications, or diuretics) Does Dehydration Really Cause Muscle Cramps? They are present in nearly 50 percent of those over the age of 50. A muscle strain can be a source of extraordinary pain. Dystonia is the name for uncontrolled and sometimes painful muscle movements (spasms). But too much sitting isn't necessarily better. Because its effects last for only 3-6 hours, it can be best used around specific times when relief from symptoms is most important, for example at bedtime. Some researchers have also suggested that statins work, at the cellular level, to sap energy. How they can cause leg cramps: Studies show that statins can inhibit the production of satellite cells in the muscle, interfering with muscle growth. Muscle spasms can also be caused in part by dehydration. The Role of Medications in Muscle Spasms. The chest wall is full of muscles, just like the arms and legs. Treatment . Causes of muscle spasm. Muscle Cramps: A Real Pain. For recurrent cramps that disturb your sleep, your doctor might prescribe a medication to relax your muscles. Standing for a prolonged period of time can understandably contribute to muscle fatigue, which in turn can cause cramping, Dr. Sontag says. Typically, they involve part or all of a muscle, or several muscles in a group. Diagnosis Confirmed by . Other medications for conditions as diverse as Alzheimer's disease, osteoporosis, and Parkinson's can induce muscle spasms in about ten percent of people who … High blood pressure medications, insulin, birth control pills, cholesterol-lowering medications, and certain types of asthma medications (beta-agonists) may cause muscle cramps. There are varying possible causes for shin cramps and these cramps are mostly caused by dehydration, muscle overuse and due to excessive strain on a muscle. Leg cramps can be excruciating, and they often attack when you’re sound asleep. Find out more about why this is the case and what you can do to address muscle cramps. We’ve identified that many medical conditions can cause muscle spasms. Your foot may also turn in at your ankle. Select drug class All drug classes benzodiazepines (3) topical anesthetics (2) skeletal muscle relaxants (17) skeletal muscle relaxant combinations (4) benzodiazepine anticonvulsants (3) Drugs. These are very common and can affect any muscle. Spasms can also occur when a muscle is overused, injured, tired, or strained. The cramps can and often do impair function, for example, writer’s cramp occurs in muscles of the hand making it impossible to write. In more severe cases, where the affected individual is unable to tolerate oral treatment, intravenous fluid replacement may be necessary. Muscle cramps occur when skeletal muscles—those that move bones and that are normally under your control—start contracting on their own. Muscle cramps can often be prevented by measures such as adequate nutrition and hydration, attention to safety when exercising, and attention to ergonomic factors. Massage may temporarily relieve some types of cramps. Head and neck. Mild cases of dehydration may be resolved through oral rehydration. For some reason, the … Muscle Cramps that Require a Medical Professional. This often solves the problem. Stretch or massage your muscle until the cramp goes away. 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