Component: 90 PGA (cm/s/s):-493.03 PGV (cm/s):- Add this to bin: Component: 0 PGA (cm/s/s):-499.49 PGV (cm/s):- Add this to bin: Component: Up PGA (cm/s/s): 363.56 PGV (cm/s):- Add this to bin "One of the oddities of natural disasters," reported Time magazine, "is that rebuilding eventually generates a surge in economic growth and that is almost certain to occur in Japan..Construction firms and producers who supply the steel, glass, concrete, telephones and machinery they need can expect to do well.". The reason for this is that they were mainly the one who lived in the older houses that collapsed. It measured 6.8 on the Moment magnitude scale (USGS), and Mj7.3 (adjusted from 7.2) on JMA magnitude scale. p.153-156 • Risk Management Solutions, 2005, 1995 Kobe Earthquake 10- There is no systematic flexibility. Nearly 80 percent of the quake victims died from being crushed or suffocated in collapsed buildings. We are alive, we are eating well, and-- we are living in … In the scientific literature it is often called the 1995 Southern Hyōgo Prefecture Earthquake (平成7年(1995年)兵庫県南部地震, Heisei 7 nen (1995 nen) Hyōgo-ken Nanbu Jishin), the name chosen by the Japan Meteorological Agency in the week after the main shock. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. The Great Hanshin earthquake (阪神・淡路大震災 Hanshin Awaji daishinsai? Latrines were built and campfires were lit for warmth and cooking. Water breaking through the surface and flooding those islands was initially believed to have seeped in from the sea, but in fact rose from the liquefied remains of once-solid soils used to construct the islands. The Kobe earthquake, which shook the island nation of Japan on 17th January, 1995, is considered to be the second most disastrous earthquake that the country witnessed in the 20th century. Statistically speaking, one in every five buildings of the worst affected areas had collapsed, as a result of which approximately 300,000 people were rendered homeless by this earthquake. The newly-completed artificial island supporting Kansai International Airport was not significantly affected, due to being further from the epicenter, and because it was built to the latest standards. Zero Hours: Kobe (Great Hanshin) Earthquake. Extended Abstracts, International School of Solid Earth Geophysics, 11th Course: Active Faulting Studies for Seismic Hazard Assessment at Erice, Italy: zzz: 1. This was Japan's worst earthquake in the 20th century after the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, which claimed more than 105,000 lives.  To keep the light rail system running even though it had quite severely damaged sections, shuttle buses were commissioned to transfer patrons to stations around damaged sections.. [Ibid], Image Sources: 1) Earthquake Image Archives M. Yoshimine, Tokyo Metropolitan University 2) J.P. Bardet USC 3) Kobe University, 4) University of Texas, 5) Geographical Institute of Japan. In the five years after the quake more than 200 elderly people died solitary deaths in temporary housing. Most of the highway that toppled over was removed in six days. People were forced to wait in corridors due to the overcrowding and lack of space. The Philippine Sea Plate is subducted beneath the Eurasian plate.What triggered the earthquake was the Median Tectonic Line and it was sudden movement along this fault that triggered the earthquake that hit Kobe. Thirsty survivors spooned up dirty water from underneath ruptured pipes. Up to 6,434 people lost their lives; about 4,600 of them were from Kobe. Fire raged unchecked in several places. The plan was to woo business enterprises with preferential incentives to spur economic growth. Earthquake Deaths in the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, 1995, American Journal of Epidemiology , v.153. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. About 22% of the offices in Kobe's central business district were rendered unusable, and over half of the houses in that area were deemed unfit for occupancy. Kobe Earthquake An earthquake occurred on January 17th, 1995, at 5:46 am in the south-central part of Japan. But for real reconstruction, a long-term process requiring a huge budget, the ministry tightened its purse strings. Survivors pitched tents and slept in them in turn, because there weren't enough to go around. Some neighborhoods were totally destroyed while others nearly were untouched. The Great Hanshin earthquake (阪神・淡路大震災, Hanshin Awaji daishinsai), or Kobe earthquake, occurred on January 17, 1995 at 05:46:53 JST (January 16 at 20:46:53 UTC) in the southern part of Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, including the region known as Hanshin. The earthquake occurred along the destructive plate boundary where the Pacific and the Philippine Plate (oceanic) meet the Eurasian (continental) plate. It wasn't until July 29 that all four lanes were opened to traffic along one section. Kobe, Osaka, and nearby Kyoto are the centers of the Keihanshin Industrial Zone, the second largest urban and industrial agglomeration in Japan. Local hospitals struggled to keep up with demand for medical treatment, largely due to collapsed or obstructed "lifelines" (roads) that kept supplies and personnel from reaching the affected areas. 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