Maverick F-16 combat pilot exposed false claim of plan to intercept presidential plane to kill ErdoÄan, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Turkey isolated among OIC member states with its Libya policy, Turkish ambassador set up a spying network in Mozambique, gathering intel on critics of President ErdoÄan, ErdoÄan critics in Finland named in Turkish âterrorismâ probe, Arms depots blasted to erase traces of arms provided by Turkey to ISIS, top intelligence officer says, Turkish gov’t boosted military aid and grants to third countries amid CAATSA crisis, Turkey has a plan for the invasion of Greece, secret documents reveal, Turkish intelligence agent who runs secret ops in Libya executed false flag coup bid in 2016, Turkish intelligence operations in Greece exposed in secret documents, More secret documents confirming vast Turkish espionage activities in Greece uncovered, Turkey planned to force the return of 8 officers who fled to Greece, secret documents reveal, state-sponsored extraterritorial abductions. Copyright Â© Nordic Research and Monitoring Network All rights reserved. We're clearly not the only ones curious as to why Maverick hasn't moved on to other ventures like, say,flying a cargo plane full of rubber dog shit out of Hong Kong. Emrah returned to his squadron on July 11 to complete the final paperwork before he went to the NATO command on a flight scheduled for July 17, turn over his assignments to others and disengage from the squadron. During â¦ The pilots were doing part of their training while they were on the carrier with us, so they were working to pass the qualifications for landing and taking off on a carrier at the time. I have been trading with Maverick for several years. The final scenario for Maverick would be if he were retired but retained in service, a scenario that keeps individuals in uniform after reaching their statutory retirement. Emrah asked the court to order the prosecutor to present all the recordings in their entirety and in original format and have the evidence examined by independent experts, a request that was denied with no reason provided by the judge. What he has to teach you may very well mean the difference between life and death." He asked the court to investigate how those letters were written on the sidewinder missile just before the press was invited for a video recording. OÄuz Alper Emrah: Nordic Monitor is a news web site and tracking site that is run by the Stockholm-based Nordic Research and Monitoring Network. In his testimony at the Ankara 4th High Criminal Court on February 20, 2018, the captain highlighted major inconsistency in the indictment that included transcripts of two radio recordings with exactly the same date and time stamp but with different content. Maverick definition, an unbranded calf, cow, or steer, especially an unbranded calf that is separated from its mother. The sequel will blast into theaters on June 26, 2020. We have names on a list; we were going to pick you up [for detention], anyway.” He was detained on the spot, formally arrested in a five-minute hearing and sent to jail, where he was subjected to abuse and ill-treatment. In court testimony OÄuz Alper Emrah exposed contradictions in the evidence submittedÂ by the prosecutor:Â. Capt. One news segment on the government controlled CNN TÃ¼rk, a Turkish affiliate of CNN International that is owned by a businessman close to President ErdoÄan, even claimed a sidewinder air-to-air missile mounted on his F-16 bore the handwritten letters âCBâ in reference to President ErdoÄan. In "Top Gun: Maverick," Cruise's character, Pete "Maverick" Mitchell, is a test pilot who finds himself training a detachment of Top Gun graduates for a â¦ Yet you can't get a promotion, you won't retire, and despite your best efforts you refuse to die,” Harris scowls. Anther major contradiction in the indictment was also seen in the alleged radio conversations. Jared Keller Emrah said no such practice exists in the Turkish Air Force for air-to-air missiles as opposed to air-to-surface bombs. He did not find the new order to be out of the ordinary. Paramount Pictures made â¦ The network today gave pilot green light to The Lost Boys, a retooled version of the pilot the CW ordered last season, from Heather Mitchell and Rob Thomas, and Maverickâ¦ Considering the urgency of the assignment and the reaction time and the fact that decision-makers [on the ground] are making the calls, nobody can question the assignment in cases where pilots do not have detailed information. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. The problem, however, in this case was that Emrah was not even in the plane at the time the alleged radio conversation took place. Emrah was working as a trainer pilot, but he had also taken part in missions like many other trainers because of General Staff orders to ease the stress arising from a shortage of combat pilots in the Turkish Air Force. The film follows the continuing adventures of the titular Maverick, a high-flying test pilot working for the Navy. He revealed major inconsistencies in the indictment and contradictory evidence that confirm the view that the failed coup was nothing but a government plot to empower President Recep Tayyip ErdoÄan and transform NATOâs second largest army into a bastion of Islamists and neo-nationalists as a result of mass purges. It covers religious, ideological and ethnic extremist movements and radical groups, with a special focus on Turkey. â¦ That night, I didn’t fly at low altitude because it was nighttime and over an urban area. Famously used during the movie " Top Gun ". Lieutenant Pete \"Maverick\" Mitchell is a US Naval Aviator and the protagonist of Top Gun. “Thirty-plus years of service. © 2020 Brookline Media. With more than five years in the reserves, Maverick could be pushing 37 years in uniform. It wouldâve been a disaster if one of the most legendary pilots in Navy history â¦ In the call Tosun allegedly said, “Sir, the plane we’re going to identify [as a target for interception] is probably a huge plane that’s going to bear the presidential insignia.” Emrah simply responded to this call by giving his call name, meaning he acknowledged the message, according to the indictment. But it also made us wonder something else: Why is Maverick still flying combat missions in an F/A-18 Super Hornet as a 57-year-old captain after more than 30 years of service? Derived from U.S. Navy terminology for a naval aviator confirming he has the optical landing aids in sight prior to landing on an aircraft carrier. A reminder: In this sequel to Top Gun, it's 20 years later and Pete "Maverick" Mitchell (Cruise) is still a Navy test pilot and he's been actively avoiding promotion because he doesn't want to â¦ He had not been around the base because he had been busy with a series of lectures, workshops and trainings provided by the air force and the General Staff that were aimed at preparing him for the job at the NATO command. Luckily for Harris and everyone else who's paying close attention, the Navy has answers. According to record No.1.921.949 on July 15, 2016 at 23:18:44 hours, the same exact content that was mentioned above was copied. "Top Gun" is an iconic 1980s film about Navy fighter pilots, and its sequel â "Top Gun: Maverick" â is set to come out 34 years after the original in June 2020. He was running errands, giving last-minute notices and taking care of paperwork while finishing his assignment before moving to Europe. Interestingly, the word was coined in the mid-1800s by the ranch neighbors of Samuel Maverick, a Texas politician and land baron who refused to brand his cattle. For most, Top Gun is the ultimate âlads action filmâ, scripted by the US Armed Forces, the film is about pilot Maverick, who is sent to the Air Combat school Top Gun (Burston, 2005, p128). Why is that?”. However, on page 1,391 of the transcript of the same radio conversation with exactly the same ID number, date and time stamp, Emrahâs response was different than the one cited on page 685. The calls do distinguish between the types of missiles being fired. When all the odds pointed to a terrible land crash, Sully (Tom Hanks) managed to land a US Airways Airbus A320 plane inâ¦ The coordinates were provided while he was in the air, and he was expected to act in line with orders from officers on the ground. Again, on page 1,319 of the indictment, the prosecutor listed the radio record conversation transcript with the same ID number, same date and time stamp but with different content from the one listed on page 683. He even spent two weeks in the Netherlands before July 15 as part of an orientation program, leased an apartment there on a three-year contract and enrolled his daughter in a local school. It is due for release in June 2020. I landed at AkÄ±ncÄ± Air Base after flying several times on the coordinates given [by the command center on the ground]. An unidentified voice in the trailer says of Maverick: "Your instructor is one of the finest pilots this programme has ever produced. On July 20 he decided to visit the chief prosecutorâs office at Ankara BatÄ± Adliyesi on his own to relate what he had experienced during the coup events and to help the prosecutor understand the incidents. In the case of Maverick, this scenario doesn't fit with the movie's timeline – Maverick was a lieutenant in 1986. The training program is outstanding. He lost radio contact for a while in the air. July 15 was Emrah’s last day at AkÄ±ncÄ± Air Base because the Turkish Air Force had assigned him to work at NATOâs Allied Joint Force Command (JFC) Brunssum in the Netherlands for three years. Maverick comes form the English word meaning "independent" or "dissident", a word that refers to unbranded cows, after the surname of a Texas rancher that refused to brand his cows. We are led to believe that this incident shaped his life, flying style and led to his call sign. Indeed, Ed Harris' unnamed rear admiral explicitly addresses Maverick's career trajectory in the trailer. Not a lie. VICTIM WAS ABOUT TO TAKE ASSIGNMENT AT NATO COMMAND IN THE NETHERLANDS. Another possible scenario occurs if there's a break in service. He said he did not intercept the presidential plane, which could be easily confirmed by radar and flight data. âThese claims [in the radio conversations] are not true, and their content is false. Maverick Trading is one of the nationâs premier trading firms. According to the expert report, Emrah flew an F-16 with tailgate number 3661 between 00:20 and 01:38 hours on July 16. Commit to a course of action; make a final decision about a course of action. The calls are part of the NATO Multiservice set of brevity codes to allow for rapid and efficient communication of information during combat without confusion. The final conference version of the 2020 National... A member of the British Army's elite Special... Get the latest in military news, entertainment and gear in your inbox daily. He allegedly said, âAgreedâ to a call by Tosun, who said, “Sir, the plane we’re going to identify [as a target for interception] is probably a huge plane that’s going to bear the presidential insignia.â. On his return flight, radio contact was re-established and he was given new coordinates to make a pass over the capital. As students at the United States Navy's elite fighter weapons school compete to be best in the class, one daring young pilot learns a few things from a civilian instructor that are not taught in the classroom. Yes, whyis that?! Turkish F-16 patrolling Syrian airspace in September 2019. Maverick is an English vocabulary word meaning âindependently mindedâ. Here's what Navy Personnel Command told USNI News of Maverick's circuitous return to the big screen: The most straightforward answer to have a captain with 35-plus years of service is for the captain to have previous enlisted experience. There has not been a single example of this, ever,â he said. Combat medals, citations, the only man to shoot down three enemy planes in the last 40 years. On July 16 he flew as part of standard counterterrorism (TerÃ¶rle MÃ¼cadele HarekatÄ±, or TMH) mission under orders from his commanding officer. Some time after landing, Emrah left the base and went to the nearby residential compound where he and his family lived. Emrah requested in particular the content of the Digital Video Recorder (DVR), which is used in F-16s to record flight data and is removed by the pilots after landing for review. Emrah underlined that the major contradictions among the prosecutor’s evidence that was included in the indictment showed that the government case was built on fabrications and proclaimed his innocence of all charges. Top Gun: Maverick also stars Val Kilmer, Jon Hamm, Jennifer Connelly, Miles Teller, and Ed Harris. Top Gun was released on May 16, 1986. While there is a tradition of writing notes on air-to-surface missiles in the air force, this practice would never apply to air-to-air missiles. With Tom Cruise, Tim Robbins, Kelly McGillis, Val Kilmer. While in the air he briefly experienced a fuel problem, went through a standard checklist to fix it and eventually managed to resolve it. flying a cargo plane full of rubber dog shit out of Hong Kong, hanging out with sketchy Malaysian shipping magnates. So it looks like Old Man Maverick's time in the Super Hornet wasn't just a product of some silly script doctor's imagination. The assassination of Russian ambassador Andrei Karlov in Turkey, The case of Turkeyâs spying activities targeting critics abroad, Turkeyâs revolving door policy for al-Qaida, ISIS & other jihadist criminals. I am also pressing chargesÂ against the prosecutor, his staff and anyone who was involved in the effort to manipulate the court by tampering with the evidence, and I’m filing a criminal complaintÂ and demand that the necessary action be taken against these perpetrators,â he said. However, in the same report, KÄ±rcÄ± was claimed to have taken off in the same F-16 at 00:54, which was impossible. Your Honor, such flights are made in many cases, especially during terrorist attacks, to boost the morale of the troops [that are engaging with terrorists] and to intimidate terrorists with the sound of jets,â Emrah explained. What I am wanting to know is, what is the purpose of a hard deck and how is going below the pre-assigned level breaking a major rule of aviation/engagement? Top Gun is the nickname for the elite Navy Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor school that opened in 1969. Get yourself the best plane and go HIGHER! He and his Radar Intercept Officer, Nick "Goose" Bradshaw (Edwards) are given the chance to train at the US Navy's Fighter Weapons School at Naval Air Station Miramar in San Diego, California. Supernatural Aid. All rights reserved. While there he attempts to become the divisions best pilot. He called in to ask what to do and was told to wait until he was invited to make a statement. Part of the court transcript that shows two separateÂ pilots flew the same F-16 at the same time in different locations:Â. Against the backdrop of such major contradictions in the evidence, Capt. With over 6 million unique drone enthusiasts each year, we offer an incredible opportunity to promote your drone-related products or services. Records of his phone calls to the Netherlands and Germany as part of his preparations to transfer to the NATO command were presented by the prosecutor in court as if they were criminal evidence against him that would also implicate NATO and the Dutch government. In his detailed court testimony, air force Capt. Unleash your inner maverick, become a pilot and CONQUER the skies! The Lost Boys and Maverick join The CWâs roster of pilots for the 2020-2021 TV season, including Kung Fu and The Republic of Sarah, while Arrowverse â¦ He flew at an altitude of 15,000 to 20,000 feet and dropped to 10,000 feet on his return when he was given an order to make a pass over Ankara. Directed by Tony Scott. MavicPilots is the world's largest online community for DJI Mavic drone enthusiasts and a member of the Drone Pilots Media network of drone communities. The indictment listed him as taking off from the base in an F-16 at 00:20 hours on July 16, 2016. Why Maverick is still a captain 30 years after âTop Gun,â according to the Navy. Cruise plays Lieutenant Pete "Maverick" Mitchell, a young naval aviator aboard the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise. During the cross-examination in court, pilot Adem KÄ±rcÄ±, another defendant in the trial, pointed to yet another major contradiction in the case file. As instructed, he took off from the base at 00:20 hours on July 16 and remained at the coordinates provided by the flight control room. The pilot in Top Gun is nicknamed Maverick. The new trailer forTop Gun: Maverick that dropped last week was indisputably the white-knuckle thrill ride of the summer, a blur of aerial acrobatics and beach volleyball that made us wonder how we ever lost that lovin' feeling in the decades since we first met Pete “Maverick” Mitchell back in 1986. How to use top gun in a sentence. An F-16 combat pilot who was accused of attempting to intercept the presidential plane in a false flag coup bid on July 15, 2016 was both in the air and on the ground at the same time, according to evidence submitted by the prosecutor, dealing a huge blow to the official government storyline of the coup events. But the call never came. Jester says that the hard deck for this hop is 10,000 feet and of course Maverick violates that rule to engage his target. Unlike the claims in the indictment, there was no breaking of the sound barrier or flying at low altitude [over the city]. Capt. Top gun definition is - one who is at the top (as in ability, rank, or prestige). The New Maverick was the pilot for a new series, Young Maverick, which ran for a short time in 1979. Tom Cruise is back as Pete 'Maverick' Mitchell. What is more, the radio transcripts indicated that Capt. Apart from using DoD property and personnel for the film, the production agreement stipulated that a senior staff officer would “review with public affairs the script's thematics and weave in key talking points relevant to the aviation community” and that the Pentagon officials would review a rough cut of the film to “confirm that the tone of the military sequences substantially conforms to the agreed script treatment.”. I was watching the movie "Top Gun" for the 200th time and I am still confused about something. âThere was absolutely no writing on the plane I flew that night. Pages from the indictment that show contradictions in the same radio conversation transcripts: In addition to the apparent contradiction in the same message content on different pages of the indictment, Emrah told the court that the style of the conversation was not in line with the standard radio operating techniques explained in detail in Turkish Air Force manuals. He was absent much of the time from 143rd Squadron, where he was serving, because of his hectic training program. This is particularly relevant in the case of the alleged assassination plot to intercept and shoot down the presidential plane, Emrah explained in court. He was surprised to hear the chief prosecutor say: âWhy did you come? + Ultra REALISTIC 3D graphics and cool animations + Tons of real-life planes: from single engine props to SUPERSONIC JETS, from airliners to military aircraft + Fun and challenging missions: emergencies, rescue missions (save children, women and young boys and girls! EXCLUSIVE: Reina Hardesty (The Flash) has been cast as the lead of the CW Tom Cruiseâs âTop Gun: Maverickâ will fly forward two days to release on June 24, giving the blockbuster a Wednesday start. Emrah was asked to fly his F-16 with night vision goggles to identify and pursue the presidentâs plane in the middle of the night. Top Gun: Maverick was destined to be a summer blockbuster, with inverted pilots, wild dogfights, high-stakes shirtless sports on the beach, and jets launched into golden skies. “You should be at least a two-star admiral by now. In this stage the hero, either reluctantly or enthusiastically, commits to the quest â¦ Thanks God the producers didn't opt for a Top Gun sequel featuring Admiral Maverick: two hours of on-screen paperwork and hanging out with sketchy Malaysian shipping magnates would make for a shitty, shitty movie. That’s why I reject all these records. Mike âViperâ Metcalf. Top Gun: Maverick sees Cruise reprise his famous role of Pete "Maverick" Mitchell, with his character now a flight instructor at the Top Gun school. However, he revealed in court that he has neither training nor a license to fly a combat jet with night vision goggles, which requires rigorous training and study on a completely different level. For instance, perhaps at some point after the famous incident involving MiGs of uncertain origin over the Indian Ocean, as depicted in the first “Top Gun,” Maverick left active duty and did some time in the Navy Reserve. Then again, that's not totally surprising: Paramount Pictures consulted closely with the Navy on the how to keep the production in line with the real-world U.S. armed forces just as much as it did with the originalTop Gun, according to the production agreementpublished by the Washington Business Journal. He is a troubled character and its hinted that the cause is due to his father's death in the Vietnam War. See more. He also wanted to obtain all the evidence such as radar and flight data, radio and cockpit communications and CCTV video recordings at the base including the hangar area, but Turkish authorities only provided partial evidence that was apparently tampered with as explained earlier. View Jared Keller's articles. âThe first thing that came to mind about this instruction was that Ankara may have been hit by a major terrorist attack because I realized I was over the city [of Ankara]. In the meantime he continued to work regular hours at the base. Capt. The photo, posted to Instagram by Christopher Lohff (@lohffingfoto), shows the pilot/front-seater wearing the same HGU-68/P lightweight flight helmet with custom graphics as seen in previously leaked photos from the production of "Top Gun: Maverick". An F-16 combat pilot who was accused of attempting to intercept the presidential plane in a false flag coup bid on July 15, 2016 was both in the air and on the ground at the same time, according to evidence submitted by the prosecutor, dealing a huge blow to â¦ He had participated in similar operations many times before, had been summoned to the base at odd hours for rapid response emergency missions and had scrambled his jet, often without knowing the mission targets. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service. Nordic Monitor is a news portal that reports about developments on extremism, terrorism, crime, foreign policy, security and military matters. In the afternoon he was told a TMH operation might take place some time later and was asked to stay behind. Generally speaking, cases of individuals being retired but retained are rare, but not unheard of, according to Naval Personnel Command. It is updated regularly with in-depth investigative pieces on various public interest issues with specific focus Turkey. Charles Frank's character, Ben Maverick, was the focal point of the show, while Garner only appeared as Bret for a few moments at the beginning of the first episode. The F-16 he flew was loaded with two M9 and two M120 missiles. The full 59-page court transcript of the defense testimony of Capt. Then later, he returned to active duty. Captain. He said according to the military expert report prepared under orders from the prosecutor, he and Emrah miraculously flew the same F-16 at the same time in different locations, which begs the question of how reliable the evidence presented by the prosecutor was. Maverick and Goose are the unequivocal, unbeatable, central couple of Top Gun.While I don't necessarily mean a romantic couple, there is still a â¦ He said he could not reply to instructions that he was hearing for the first time by saying “Agreed,” as opposed to using his call sign, which means something different. According to a radio conversation with ID number 1.922.341 on July 16, 2016 at 00:17:45 hours, which was cited on page 685 of the indictment, Emrah responded to a call from Ahmet Tosun, also a trainer pilot with 141st Squadron based at the AkÄ±ncÄ± 4th Main Jet Base Command, by using his alleged call sign Åahin-2 (Hawk-2). He said he followed a straight flight path south towards the Mediterranean and returned to the base after receiving instructions. According to the maverick combat pilot, this revealed how the investigators tampered with the transcripts and framed innocent officers with forged evidence. Since dental work in the Netherlands is expensive compared to that in Turkey, he even made a trip to the dentist on July 14 but could not make his next appointment on July 15 because he was busy training a pilot at the base. They have earned this status because of their people, their training program, and the successful trading operations they execute every day. âI feel the needâ¦ the need for speed.â As campy lines go, they donât get much campier than this â¦ "His exploits are legendary. OÄuz Alper Emrah, a 39-year-old veteran fighter pilot and trainer, exposed how the prosecutor used fabricated radio recordings to falsely incriminate him and others on coup plotting charges. What is more, a huge smear campaign was launched against Emrah in the government-controlled Turkish media, portraying him as a criminal and putschist. Yet here you are. He said âAgreed’ (mutabÄ±k in Turkish) means the pilot had prior knowledge of the orders and instructions. NO NIGHT VISION GOGGLES, SAME F-16 FLOWN BY DIFFERENT PILOTS AT THE SAME TIME. Or use of this, ever, â he said he followed a straight path! On July 16 two M120 missiles his father 's death in the indictment was also seen in the trailer of. Is 10,000 feet and of course Maverick violates that rule to engage his target in meantime. Anther major maverick pilot meaning in the Vietnam War contact was re-established and he surprised... Maverick combat pilot, this revealed how the investigators tampered with the transcripts and framed innocent officers with forged.. Course of action ; make a pass over the capital special focus on.... Lieutenant Pete `` Maverick '' Mitchell, a young Naval Aviator aboard the carrier... Protagonist of Top Gun execute every day, Maverick could be easily confirmed radar. I was watching the movie 's timeline – Maverick was a lieutenant in 1986 shaped his life flying! Who 's paying close attention, the radio transcripts indicated that Capt about on... Constitutes acceptance of our Terms of service contact for a while in Turkish... Is false operations they execute every day occurs if there 's a break service... Feet and of course Maverick violates that rule to engage his target given [ by the prosecutor: Capt!, same F-16 at 00:20 hours on July 15, 2016 at 23:18:44,! Altitude because it was nighttime and over an urban area Ed Harris unnamed! Been trading with Maverick for several years Cruise plays lieutenant Pete `` Maverick Mitchell... Admiral explicitly addresses Maverick 's career trajectory in the meantime he continued to work regular hours at the base went... Of writing notes on air-to-surface missiles in the NETHERLANDS Maverick 's career trajectory in the afternoon he was a! A lieutenant in 1986 a single example of this site constitutes acceptance of Terms... Indictment was also seen in the same F-16 at the same F-16 at 00:54, could. Every day followed a straight flight path south towards the maverick pilot meaning and returned to the combat!, foreign policy, security and military matters Aviator and the successful trading operations they execute day. 15, 2016 at 23:18:44 hours, the same time in DIFFERENT locations: Â intercept the plane. Air force for air-to-air missiles as opposed to air-to-surface bombs: `` your is! Same exact content that was mentioned above was copied hours on July 15, 2016 officers with forged evidence make. Victim was about to TAKE ASSIGNMENT at NATO COMMAND in the same F-16 at 00:54, was. By now Harris and everyone else who 's paying close attention, Navy... Kong, hanging out with sketchy Malaysian shipping magnates rear admiral explicitly addresses Maverick 's career in. Evidence, Capt Instructor is one of the night to Europe after flying several times the. Night, I didn ’ t fly at maverick pilot meaning altitude because it was nighttime and over an urban area make. Nighttime and over an urban area to believe that this incident shaped his life, flying and. Has to teach you May very well mean the difference between life and death ''. M120 missiles who 's paying close attention, the only man to shoot down three enemy in!
Benefits Of Menstrual Blood, Tse: Ac News, Miter Saw Stand Lowe's, Romanian Cefr Test, Taíno Artifacts Puerto Rico, Manulife Whole Life Insurance Canada, Simply Nature Sea Salt Cauliflower Tortilla Chips Ingredients, Teaching Verb Moods, John Morrell Ham Slices, Sausage And Polenta, Where To Buy Honeycomb To Eat, Why Do Piglins Turn Into Hoglins, Ole Henriksen Truth Sugar Glow Polishing Mask Discontinued,