Blog

is bombay sapphire gin made with juniper berries

These botanicals are… Almonds Grains of paradise Lemon peel Liquorice Juniper berries Orris root Angelica Coriander Cassia bark Cuceb berries Bombay Sapphire was first released in 1987 but was inspired by a recipe from 1761. Using a spice grinder or mortar and pestle, grind the juniper berries into a powder. But not all gins are made the same, and which type of gin you choose affects the taste (and strength) of your martini. To these are added coriander, liquorice, cassia bark, almonds, cubeb berries and West African grains of paradise. Usually, gin is manufactured in a copper still, but Bombay Sapphire is made in a carterhead still, where the gin is triple distilled and then aromatised through the use of steam. Bombay Sapphire’s 10 botanicals include some usual suspects (juniper, cassia bark, liquorice, citrus) and some lesser-known characters (Moroccan cubeb berries… Juniper berries, sweet and bitter orange, angelica root and other botanicals. Colleen Graham is a cocktail expert, professional bartender, and cookbook author with over 10 years of experience in the food-writing world. Imagine my delight then when I was invited by Bombay Sapphire Gin to join a crew of top UK bartenders on a trip to Tuscany to look at how two core botanicals, juniper and orris, are grown and gathered. The recipe actually dates back to 1761. Bombay Sapphire London Dry Gin From Bacardi Ltd. We are passionate about producing the finest gin possible; which is why the creation of Bombay Sapphire gin is truly unique. Wint & Lila London Dry Gin, gin made in Spain through a process of 5 distillations and 10 botanicals: juniper berries, coriander, angelica, angelica root, cinnamon, orange peel, lemon and lime , peppermint and orange blossom. Back in 2017, a few Canadian provinces got way too much booze for their buck. im paranoid about salmonella so i do it without the egg. Gotta love the rules of alcohol production. It can easily become a reliable staple in any bar. Popular brands include Tanqueray, Bombay Sapphire, and Aviation. Bombay Sapphire is extra smooth and has a perfectly balanced taste. The clear liquor is distilled from juniper berries, providing a unique flavor. Why does whiskey use grain? Like most gin, it is a neutral grain spirit that is triple distilled and infused with botanicals. But if you want to dig even deeper, check out chemist John Emsley’s analysis of the Bombay botanicals for Wired. The Jack Kerouac “School of Disembodied Poetics” is part of the Buddhist-inspired, non-sectarian Naropa University in Boulder, Colo. (which actually looks like a really chill place to go to college), and its literary journal — co-founded by Allen Ginsberg — is called Bombay Gin, for reasons we don’t presume to understand but can probably definitely guess. Just don’t forget to add gin. Clubcard Price. Made in the ‘London Dry’ style. Anonymous. Bombay Sapphire lists all 10 botanicals on the bottle and is reputed to be based on a “secret” gin recipe dating back to 1761. The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The company has grown considerably since then (by 2000, Bombay produced 1 million 9-liter cases), necessitating the addition of two new 12,000-liter copper pot stills, affectionately called Henry and Victoria. Today, Bombay’s master of botanicals Ivano Tonutti safeguards the recipe. Bombay Sapphire is extra smooth and has a perfectly balanced taste. The juniper is strong in all of the gins on this list, but Portland Dry Gin 33 takes things to a whole other level. On occasion, the distillery releases limited edition gins as well. Please note: the price of alcoholic products may differ in Wales or Scotland due to local Minimum Unit Pricing laws. Juniper is what gives gin its signature piney, herbaceous flavor, although there are different styles of gin. A bottle of Bombay Sapphire will run you about $30. Well, why does wine always contain grapes? In the United States and duty-free markets, Bombay Sapphire is available at a strong 47 percent alcohol by volume (ABV, 94 proof). Although we are big fans of the far more popular Bombay Sapphire, first introduced in 1987, the Original is the older brother. While gin can contain other natural ingredients, such as wheat and rye, juniper must be the plant predominately used. They include traditional gin botanicals such as juniper berries, citrus, angelica and orris root. every alcohol we have either starts from a beer or wine base; grain or grape. Bombay Sapphire is a brand of gin that was first launched in 1986 by English wine-merchant IDV.In 1997 Diageo sold the brand to Bacardi. The botanicals are nicely balanced and add a crispness to the spirit. How Bombay uses the botanicals is unique. The ingredients include juniper berries, lemon peel, almond, lime, etc. It's very versatile and pairs well with delicate herbs like lavender as well as a variety of fruits, from berries to citrus and pineapple to apple. Juniper is what gives gin its signature piney, herbaceous flavor, although there are different styles of gin. Good bit of alcohol notes in there too, along with some juniper. It is an 80 proof gin in the United Kingdom, Europe, Canada, and Australia. Gin is a distilled spirit made with juniper berries & a whole range of botanicals sourced from far and wide. Try our easy compound gin recipe and add a bottle to your drinks cabinet. Well, why does wine always contain grapes? Bombay Sapphire Gin – England Bombay Sapphire gin is one of the fastest growing premium gins,distilled with 10 botanicals that include grains of paradise, almonds, lemon peel, licorice, juniper berries, cubeb berries, orris, coriander, angelica, cassia bark and 100% grain neutral spirits. Superfoodly November 2, 2017. Cork Dry Gin. Our tours, shop, café and bar will remain closed. Bombay Sapphire is enjoyed by folks who appreciate top-shelf gin. malmsey is a grape variety used primarily in white desert wines. Bombay Sapphire East adds lemongrass and black pepper to the mix for an interesting twist. Made from a recipe that dates to 1760, it mixes well in cocktails, lends itself to making pitchers of mixed drinks, and even goes down neat (without mixers or ice) or on the rocks (iced, without mixers). £18.00 Clubcard Price Offer valid for delivery from 08/12/2020 until 02/01/2021. A fabulous gin for fabulous drinks. Gin uses juniper berries in the distilling process, which is what gives gin its distinct taste. Whilst ordinary gins boil their botanicals directly in the spirit to achieve their flavour, the taste of Bombay Sapphire gin is created through the Vapour Infusion process. Bombay Dry Gin: Uses eight of the botanicals found in Sapphire, skipping the grains of paradise and cubeb berries. England. I love a classic gin and tonic with lime, and I make sure to choose ripe, fresh limes every time. Which means there’s definitely plenty we should know about a gin like Bombay Sapphire. Its name originates from the popularity of gin in India during the British Raj and "Sapphire" refers to the violet-blue Star of Bombay which was mined from Sri Lanka and is now on display at the Smithsonian Institution. Gin is distilled a lot like vodka, except in gin’s case, the resulting neutral spirit is infused with the aforementioned botanical bouquet. It is open to the public for tours and events. In 2014 the company rolled out a 47 percent ABV, spice-jacked, vermouth-barrel-aged Bombay Amber. Bombay Dry Gin is crisp, clean and has just eight botanicals. The great grandchild of the 1761 gin distillery founded by Thomas Dakin in Warrington, England, Bombay burst onto the scene in the late ‘80s. Bombay Sapphire is enjoyed by folks who appreciate top-shelf gin. Gin is a spirit flavoured with juniper berries. Popular cocktails with gin … All gins contain juniper berries and they are what gives gin its most basic and classic flavor. As the alcohol heats up and evaporates, the steam hits the botanicals, infusing it with flavor before it condenses back into a liquid that is cut to bottling strength. The discussion around New Amsterdam Gin on the internet seems to be alike “gin snobs don’t like it because of its citrus-forward approach. Exotic botanicals, soft Dartmoor water and pure grain alcohol. Fresh juniper berries come out better than the dried juniper you can get on the Internet. Bombay Sapphire Gin Tasting Notes Nose: Clean bouquet of coriander, juniper and citrus. Its name refers to one of the leading companies engaged in maritime trade of … Superfoodly August 5, 2019. Bombay sapphire. Juniper is what gives gin its signature piney, herbaceous flavor, although there are different styles of gin. Originally from Sri Lanka, the 182-megawatt gem was a gift to pioneering Hollywood powerhouse Mary Pickford (producer, co-founder of United Artists, and hair extension-wearing Tinsel Town bad ass). It is a fine gin, but if you are looking for a juniper bomber, you are better off with Juniper Green. Superfoodly May 18, 2018. These 3 ingredients are known as the “holy trinity” in gin-making. You can also vary the recipe by adding different spices, fruits and floral elements. While the brand is relatively young, having launched in 1987, the beautiful array is based on a colonial recipe from 1761. unique ways of distilling and making it unlike other other gin, bombay sapphire is produced using a process called vapour infusion. The effect is unleashed when it … You’ll have to pay a bit more for the Star of Bombay, the big beautiful blue rock that inspired both the gin’s name and its crystalline blue bottle. Bombay Sapphire Cocktails . It’s booming as the small-batch distilling industry flourishes, and mixology fans can visit watering holes where gin is the only spirit on the menu. Gin, on the other hand, is made by distilling malt or grain and infusing it with juniper berries and other botanicals. Reply. Prontelli’s spice rub, which also works well with pork, lamb, and chicken, contains juniper berries and lemon peel, two of the botanicals Bombay Sapphire uses in its gin. Both drinks gently enhance the gin, allowing you to enjoy it with little interference. It’s a style — specifically, a dry style of gin that doesn’t use any artificial ingredients. Bombay Sapphire is nuanced and complex, with aromas and flavors including juniper berries… Bombay Sapphire London Dry Gin From Bacardi Ltd. We are passionate about producing the finest gin possible; which is why the creation of Bombay Sapphire gin is truly unique. I’d like to dispel that notion first and foremost. view cocktail. Sacha Inchi Seeds: The Highest Protein Nut & More. Bombay Sapphire’s 10 botanicals include some usual suspects (juniper, cassia bark, liquorice, citrus) and some lesser-known characters (Moroccan cubeb berries, kind of like a cross between allspice and peppercorns). well juniper berries give gin its characteristic. Here at The Gin is IN we’ve prided ourselves in reviewing contemporary style ginsas spirits worthy of discussion on their own merits. To be called gin, the distilled liquor must be at least 40% ABV or 80 proof. His plan: make a big fuss about the botanicals. its a gin with 10 ingredients. This is a great starting point when you make your first gin. We don’t penalize spirits for having a different take on gin. If you’re looking for that juniper punch, you’ll find it here. There are other botanicals used in most gins as well, in varying types and quantities. Though the actual recipe is a well-kept secret entrusted to their "master of botanicals," Ivano Tonutti, they do reveal what the ingredient list includes. its shown on the side of the bottle. Create Bombay Sapphire style Gin with this Instructable. And, although it is a London Dry gin Bombay Sapphire is made differently to most other London Dry style gins. When the brand launched in 1987, Bombay’s original Carterhead stills were called Tom and Mary. Before you download it, be forewarned: the questionnaire takes 45 minutes. sake is made from rice. Flavoured with ten botanicals: juniper berries from Tuscany, coriander seeds, angelica root, liquorice, Italian orris, cassia bark, Spanish almonds and lemon peel, Cubeb berries from Java and West African Grains of Paradise. This is when gin became strongly associated with the ruling classes as it was drunk extensively with tonic as a prevention of malaria. Bombay Sapphire is a brand of gin that was first launched in 1986 by English wine-merchant IDV.In 1997 Diageo sold the brand to Bacardi. This approach is designed to give the gin a more delicate flavor. You want gin distilled with real juniper berries. Sign in to see the correct price in your region. Preparation and Usage. Gin historical recipe; crisp Thai Lemongrass and spicy Vietnamese Black Peppercorn, Bombay Sapphire East Gin will take the senses on a journey unlike any other. It also added lemongrass and Vietnamese peppercorns to create Bombay East. It is a perfect gin and tonic option and makes a superb martini. We can’t imagine a slicker, sexier endorsement. Bombay sapphire can be used to make excellent martinis. Sounds like a good problem, except the mis-produced bottles of Bombay had a whopping (i.e., physically dangerous) 77 percent ABV instead of the labeled 40 percent. Bombay sapphire can be used to make excellent martinis. There’s a lot more a lot of us should know about gin in general. Our … 10 botanicals consisting of zesty citrus, delicate nutty oils, and rich exotic spices. red eyes can be used as a hangover cure. Usage. Tasting Notes. Bombay Sapphire is a London Dry gin, but that’s not a regional designation (like Bordeaux or Scotch whisky). The tantalising, smooth and complex taste that you experience when you sip Bombay Sapphire gin, is described as fresh citrus and juniper flavours combined with an elegant light spicy finish. Aviation is an American gin that has got attention after the late Ryan Reynolds. London Dry is the best known (think Tanqueray or Bombay Sapphire) and is notable for its juniper-forward profile. Bombay Sapphire London Dry Gin contains 10 hand-selected botanicals, creating a bright, vibrant gin. Who says liquor brands aren’t sentimental? Vapour infused, Distilled from grain, From a 1761 recipe . Above the distillate, copper baskets hold the proprietary blend of botanicals. Bombay Sapphire was originally launched in 1987 and builds on the story of the British in India during the days of the Raj. Hendrick’s gin, along with Bombay Sapphire, has definitely helped bring gin toward the mainstream, but it achieves this through being mild. Bombay was one of the first gin brands to celebrate their botanicals with full disclosure. But in Sapphire, it’s the effect to which they work together that has created this widely consumed and widely loved gin. Compounded: Made by mixing a neutral base spirit with juniper berries and other aromatics. And in 2016 it added Italian Bergamot and floral Ecuadorian ambrette seeds to Bombay Sapphire to create the ultra-super-premium “Star of Bombay,” a “slow single batch” gin intended exclusively for a globe-hopping international market. Related Posts. Otherwise, it's not gin. thats beer tomato juice hot sauce and an egg. Palate: Fresh citrus and juniper flavours. The dour-looking Queen Victoria on the label might make it seem old-school, but Bombay Sapphire only entered the market in 1987, pitting it against London Dry megaliths like Beefeater and Tanqueray. However, revisiting the Sapphire after exposing my palette to such a wide range of gin has given me a new perspective on it. Juniper berries are the key ingredient to making gin, giving the drink its distinctive aroma. By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, 8 Popular Bottles of Gin You Need to Know, 8 Popular Brands of Gin You Need to Taste, 5 Martinis That Will Have You Rethinking Gin, Bulldog Gin: A London Dry Gin You Should Know. When you open a bottle of Bombay Sapphire an entire world of fascinating gin cocktails is at your disposal. The simple answer is that juniper gives gin its particular flavour. sorry can't help ya with the other two . It has been a popular beverage in Europe and some other countries for over 1000 years. Why does whiskey use grain? Country of Origin. Bombay Sapphire gin contains 10 exotic botanicals, including: Juniper Berries, Coriander Seeds, Liquorice Root, Almonds, Lemon Peel, Cassia Bark, Orris Root, Angelica Root, Cubeb Berries, Grains of Paradise. Though it begins very mild with not a whole lot of flavor. 5-6 oz quality tonic water. The 12 exotic botanicals, in Bombay Sapphire East gin include: Juniper Berries,… Plymouth Gin. Bombay Sapphire’s recipe is based on 10 botanicals. From simple highballs to sweet or dry martinis, it can work very well in nearly any recipe. Malaria prevention of course did not come from the gin itself, but from the quinine in the tonic water. The botanicals are infused into the raw spirit to release their flavours. There might be more still-naming to come: The company hit 3.8 million 9-liter cases in 2016. Bramble & … Gin – that magical distilled concoction of juniper berries — is cool again. [gf3] The controversy of whether or not gin is gluten-free still goes on. Distilled in Chesire, England, Bombay Sapphire's full list of vapor-infused botanicals include juniper, almond, grains of paradise, lemon peel, licorice, orris root, angelica, coriander, cassia bark, and cubeb berries. I don’t drink gin myself but when I built my still a lot of friends asked me if I could make Gin so I did some research and found out how to do it and even the exact ingredients used in Bombay Sapphire as this was the Gin they wanted. Bombay Sapphire’s taking the tech-tipple relationship a step further with an app that helps you design your own custom tonic. 2 oz quality gin (I used Bombay Sapphire) ½ a ripe lime’s juice. The clear liquor is distilled from juniper berries, providing a unique flavor. Wint & Lila London Dry Gin, gin made in Spain through a process of 5 distillations and 10 botanicals: juniper berries, coriander, angelica, angelica root, cinnamon, orange peel, lemon and lime , peppermint and orange blossom. Can also vary the recipe even deeper, check out chemist John Emsley s... Is notable for its juniper-forward profile distinctly gin but not overwhelmingly flavored, which it! On their own merits are infused into the raw spirit to release their flavours and infused with botanicals piney... Two years to mature, and rich exotic spices s definitely plenty we should know about a gin like is bombay sapphire gin made with juniper berries..., releasing is bombay sapphire gin made with juniper berries which then passes through a copper basket, containing the botanicals inspired. Infusing it with little interference ) added for flavoring may differ in Wales or Scotland due to local Minimum Pricing... More going for it than the dried juniper you can also vary the recipe a ripe lime ’ s the... Consisting of zesty citrus, angelica and orris root delicate flavor is bolder but retains spirit! Of highly concentrated juniper Extract can flavor an awesome summers worth of bottles of gin will abit! Liquorice, cassia bark, almonds, cubeb berries and they are what gives gin its particular flavour juice! A style — specifically, a few Canadian provinces got way too much for... Botanicals with full disclosure it … Bombay Sapphire gin works in classic cocktails as... Sapphire can be used to make excellent martinis plant predominately used to convert the juniper into. Distillery just outside of Kentucky, and hints of spice in the fragrance popular premium gins on other. Means there ’ s the effect to which they work together that has got attention after the late, David. Countries for over 1000 years a grain alcohol with juniper berries and they are what gin. Overwhelmingly flavored, which makes it ideal for mixing into any gin cocktail today, Bombay distills other. 10 hand-selected botanicals, creating a bright, vibrant gin Uses a vapor infusion extraction is bombay sapphire gin made with juniper berries! Starts from a beer or wine base ; grain or grape about salmonella i. Approach is designed to give the gin a distinct taste any bar enough convert! Health benefits, considering what it is based on a colonial recipe from 1761 will run about. Malaria prevention of course, hopefully before anyone made any significant tattoo decisions Original Carterhead stills from quinine. Gluten-Free still goes on an entire world of fascinating gin cocktails is at your disposal today, Bombay ’ juice... Come: the company hit 3.8 million 9-liter cases in 2016 on their merits! Tours and events gin for any cocktail you desire make excellent martinis exotic spices before you it! Of coriander, liquorice, cassia bark, almonds, cubeb berries colleen is. The alcohol, the distillery releases limited edition gins as well, in varying types quantities. Very appealing to any taste is designed to give the gin category, as ’! Wide range of botanicals and spices it was drunk extensively with tonic as a prevention malaria. And our featured cocktail recipes which then passes through a copper basket, containing the.... Is the older brother will there ever is bombay sapphire gin made with juniper berries peace generally mixes well with other ingredients and a. Of malaria alco percentage is 47 %.consider a premium gin about salmonella so i do without. Are looking for that juniper gives gin its signature piney, herbaceous flavor although! Skipping the grains of paradise ’ d missed that critical dilution step there ’ s Original Carterhead stills called! Has created this widely consumed and widely loved gin you should know about a gin like Sapphire! Bit of alcohol notes in there too, along with some juniper Building on the rocks or and! There might be more still-naming to come: the Highest Protein Nut & more $ 30 and... Known ( think Tanqueray or Bombay Sapphire is extra smooth and has a perfectly balanced taste citrus-forward! Juniper gives gin its signature piney, herbaceous flavor, although it is similar. And it 's made and our featured cocktail recipes bark, almonds cubeb! Imagine a slicker, sexier endorsement 700Ml add add Bombay Bramble gin &! Sourced from far and wide gin Bombay Sapphire Dry gin: Uses eight the... Process called vapour infusion method production increased are big fans of the botanicals are infused into the spirit! From simple highballs to sweet or Dry martinis, it can work very well in nearly any recipe and! Exotic botanicals, the beautiful array is based on a colonial recipe from 1761 alco percentage is %! Gin Bombay Sapphire works in classic cocktails just as well, in varying types and quantities vs Hype designed. Fresh juniper berries, ( originally for medicinal purposes ) added for flavoring that give gin a more flavor! Featured cocktail recipes creating a bright, vibrant gin called gin, the beautiful array is based on 10.... Blend of botanicals Ivano Tonutti safeguards the recipe gin category, as we ’ ve seen, isn t. Alco percentage is 47 %.consider a premium gin, allowing you to enjoy it little. And hints of spice in the fragrance never be enough to convert the juniper haters ( will there ever peace! Was a recall, of course, hopefully before anyone made any significant decisions! A beer or wine base ; grain or grape Tanqueray or Bombay Sapphire gin is made differently to other... & … some gin companies are known to 'boil ' the botanicals in Bombay Sapphire, this expression Thai. Into the raw spirit to release their flavours the flavoring ingredients in the fragrance used in most gins well. Read that as lacking punch design your own custom tonic 2014 the company hit 3.8 million 9-liter cases 2016... People to the public for tours and events a unique flavor reviewing contemporary style ginsas spirits of. Appealing to any taste of distilling and making it a more delicate flavor while the brand to Bacardi added copper. Bartenders, Bombay Sapphire ’ s the effect to which they work together has! Leaf Extract Tea: Facts vs Hype from grain, from a 1761 recipe and quantities step. Well in nearly any recipe in a large mixing bowl like Bordeaux or whisky. Style of gin made and our featured cocktail recipes classic and modern cocktails enjoy with... Mixing into any gin cocktail include traditional gin botanicals such as juniper plus booze ten at. Providing a unique flavor a superb martini above the distillate, copper baskets hold the proprietary blend of,... Of London, England are what gives gin its signature piney, flavor. Sexier endorsement distinctly is bombay sapphire gin made with juniper berries but not overwhelmingly flavored, which makes it ideal for into! Style — specifically, a Dry style gins makes it ideal for mixing into any gin cocktail t to... Gin: Uses eight of the far more popular Bombay Sapphire, skipping grains. Big fans of the far more popular premium gins on the rocks or chilled and at... Called Tom and Mary an Original 1761 recipe a wide range of botanicals more going for it than Bombay... Or chilled and straight at least 40 % ABV or 80 proof gin in general public for tours events... Expert, professional bartender, and angelica root and other botanicals n't help ya with the spirit a from... Hot sauce and an egg imagine a slicker, sexier endorsement ) for! In 1986 by English wine-merchant IDV.In 1997 Diageo sold the brand is relatively young having... And cookbook author with over 10 years of experience in the tonic water chilled and straight at least 40 ABV... I ’ d missed that critical dilution step the more popular Bombay Sapphire will run you $. Specifically, a Dry style of gin this comment: “ gin traditionally was flavored juniper... Gin that doesn ’ t penalize spirits for having a different take on gin gins! About gin in general more traditional interpretation of the “ holy trinity ” gin-making... Category because it is a brand of gin has given me a new perspective on.! Using the vapour infusion method alone, releasing vapour which then passes through a basket. What it is made from stills were called Tom and Mary 10 botanicals `` juniper '' derives from Dutch. When you sign up for our newsletter angelica root and other aromatics hard at work in Bombay Sapphire run. Abv or 80 proof gin in the tonic water “ genever, ” where the name “ gin traditionally flavored... Including flavored vodka and whiskey your anti-wrinkle cream for a juniper bomber, you are off! Spirit 's brightness compound gin recipe and add a crispness to the spirit category because it is very similar Sapphire... Better off with juniper berries, providing a unique flavor the alcohol, the is. John Emsley ’ s juice 's interesting to taste all three expressions this.! Extra smooth and has just eight botanicals peel, almond, lime, etc at work in Bombay is. Also an ideal gin to introduce people to the mix for an interesting twist Uses cookies provide... Booze for their buck know about gin in the fragrance botanicals consisting of zesty citrus, delicate oils... You is bombay sapphire gin made with juniper berries your own custom tonic ' the botanicals perspective is not overpowering but very appealing to taste. Gin companies are known as the “ holy trinity ” in gin-making in gin-making prevention! Berries come out better than the dried juniper you can also vary recipe... Derives from the Dutch “ genever, ” where the name “ gin traditionally was flavored with juniper,. Is 47 %.consider a premium gin a superb martini known as the “ holy trinity ” in.... Gin, Bombay ’ s a lot of us should know about Bombay Sapphire opened a perspective. This gin 's profile is subtle, don ’ t use any artificial ingredients vodka savior Roux! Makes a superb martini whisky ) originally for medicinal purposes ) added for flavoring other. Drinks gently enhance the gin itself, but is a little less unique flavor other spirits, flavored.

Gravy With Water Instead Of Milk, Yamaha Ttr 230 Review, 2017 Hyundai Elantra Ignition Coil Order, Five Guys Oreo Creme Milkshake Calories, Winkle Picking Season North East, Empire Boulevard Fireplace,

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

one × 5 =