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legal working age in china

[30]  Citizens bear the statutory obligation to practice birth control under the law. [2] Xian FA [Consitution] art. [77], The PRC Criminal Law does not specifically regulate child pornography.  Distributing pornography to minors under age eighteen is punishable by a heavier penalty within the punishments for distributing pornography.[78]. The People’s Republic of China (PRC)[1] declares that it protects a wide range of children’s rights through domestic legislation and by ratifying and joining the relevant international treaties.  The PRC Constitution provides for the state protection of children, and prohibits maltreatment of children. [43] China Education Statistics, available at http://www.stats.edu.cn/sjcx.aspx (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). This system does not allow for a lot of flexibility since work done outside the normal working hours is considered overtime that obligates the employer to pay overtime. [Back to Text]. [81], Article 51 of the Minors Protection Law provides prompt trial of cases brought by minors whose lawful rights and interests are injured.  However, no specific time line is found in this law to decide how prompt the case shall be brought to trial. I have heard that you need to be employed in the country by 58 or 59 and then renewing the visa is OK, thereafter. The previous Law/Legal jobs posted here for China are no longer available. [66] Xing Fa [Criminal Law], art. Age and other types of discrimination are generally prohibited by laws and regulations at various levels. Im in my early 60's and still teaching in China. Typically the recruiting agency or school will collect the necessary documents from you and guide you along the process. China Work Visa Requirements & Documents 1. However, there is some flexibility in these requirements, so if you are not in this age range and can find a willing employer, they may still be able to obtain approval for you. (No. U.N. Convention on Rights of the Child 1989 (CRC) (Entry into force for China: April 1, 1992); Optional Protocol to the Convention on Rights of Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Child Pornography 2000 (Entry into force for China: January 3, 2003); International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1966 (Entry into force for China: June 27, 2001); The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women 1979 (Entry into force for China: December 3, 1981); Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention 1999 (Entry into force for China: August 8, 2003); The Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption 1993 (Receipt of Instrument: September 16, 2005). [44]  Approximately 9.3% of the “migrant children” (those moving with their parents from villages to cities) do not get access to schools in the cities, according to a report of the China Youth Daily, a government related newspaper. Official blog from the Law Library of Congress. [49], The Prevention Law took effect from 1999, aiming to prevent juveniles from committing criminal offenses and assisting in rehabilitation. 35752) (unofficial source). This isn’t an ideal option, but, from the legal point of view, it makes the process significantly easier. - One accurately and truthfully completed China Work Visa Application Form. 16) at 52, U.N. Doc. [57]Jinzhi Shiyong Tonggong Guiding [The Provisions on the Prohibition of Using Child Labor](promulgated by the State Council, effective April 15, 1991, amended Oct. 1, 2002, effective Dec. 1, 2002).  2002 Fagui Huibian 1210 (official source). Mailed applications are not acceptable. 49) at 167, U.N. Doc. docid=f:38026.pdf (external link) (PDF) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). Cyprus Any age Georgia No limit India No limit Indonesia Minimum 27 years state school, max age 60 years old, None officially, not easy after 60 Israel 60s Japan 65 Kazakhstan No limit, They look at what offer against requirement… is there any china visa that i can apply for that allows me to enter china for at least 90 days in this current covid situation? 171.For an online text, see the OHCHR Web site, http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007).  For the status of ratifications, see the OHCHR Web site, http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/4.htm (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). [55]  The curriculum provided in such work-study schools is to be consistent with the ordinary schools, with additional “education on legality[56].”, The minimum age for working in China is sixteen.  Before The PRC Labor Law (Labor Law) was passed in 1994, the State Council issued The Provisions on the Prohibition of Using Child Labor (Child Labor Provisions) to prohibit child labor in 1991, which were amended in 2002. This age is usually stated in a country’s constitution as the legal voting age. [29] E.g., Suzhou, a rich city of Jiangsu Province in east China, implemented the Children’s In-Hospital Medical Insurance System.  Ertong Dabing Yiliao Baozhang Xu Jinkuai Quanguo Tongyi [Children’s Major Medical Insurance Needs to be Uniformed throughout the Country], http://news.xinhuanet.com/comments/ Skills Needed: We are searching for candidates with a native level of spoken and written English and with a functional level of Mandarin. Accessibility | Hi ,I’m Mrs Nadia . 46) at 193, U.N. Doc. This could include a medical form and criminal history check, which has been notarized and authenticated. (official source). Work until 60 Cambodia 65, Expect to get lower soon China Minimum age 18 – Maximum age 57 years, With foreign expert certificate to late 60s. [7]  People aged from ten to eighteen have limited capacity of civil conduct, and may only engage in civil activities appropriate to the age range and intellect.  People under ten years old have no civil conduct capacity. [61] E.g., The CECC 2007 Annual Report, supra note 33, at 70. Physical Examination Record for Foreigner, 8 Tips for Filling Out Chinese Visa Application Form, Top 8 Reasons Why Your China Visa Gets Rejected. [24], It is worth noting that although the law sets up the duties for medical institutions and local governments in offering and assisting maternal and infant healthcare, the services are not always free.  The only service clearly provided by this law to be free is in Article 19: “The operations of terminating gestation or ligation operations in accordance with the law are free of any charge.”[25], China has been in the process of reforming the health care system for more than one decade.  Under the old system implemented in the planned economy, “the labor insurance system” provided that all the “socialist workers” get healthcare from the state for free, with children’s healthcare covered through their parents’ "labor insurance".  According to article 13 of The 1950 PRC Regulation on the Labor Insurance, a worker’s medical bill shall be paid by the state-owned enterprises for which he or she works, and their children get fifty percent of their medical costs reimbursed. 6.  2001 Gazette Of The Standing Committee Of The National People's Congress 40 (P.R.C.) Work (Z) visa for myself, but what should my wife do? 1448 (1989). The age limit is 18 - 60 for all applicants. [59]  Using child labor without government approval may result in RMB5,000 (equivalent to about USD $660) fine per child worker per month. She is fluent in English and in Mandarin Chinese, and works out of Harris Bricken’s Beijing and Seattle offices. [86] Broadcasting of any information on minor criminal offenders is prohibited. In contrast, the Flexible Working Hour System provides no limit on an employee’s working hours. This law guarantees the protection of all Chinese citizens under the age of 18. Press | Working visa is provided only for those who hold bachelors degree or above education level. A/6316 (Dec. 16, 1966), 993 U.N.T.S. [2]  Among many laws and regulations providing children’s rights protection, the primary law in this field is ThePRC Law on the Protection of Minors (first passed in 1991, revised in 2006) (Minors Protection Law). The Minors Protection Law requires the judiciary to protect minors’ legal rights during judicial proceedings. [15]Â, In addition, China signed but did not ratify the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 1966 on October 5, 1998, which, up to now,  has not taken effect in China. Jobs | The Standard Working Hour System provides that an employee may work no more than 8 hours per day and, as such, working hours are capped at 40 hours per week. Working hours for most China employees are usually determined under China’s “standard working hours system,” and in most places in China, that means a 40-hour work week — 8 hours a day and 5 days a week. In practice, age discrimination draws little attention in the area of employment, and employers have wide discretion in setting out the age threshold for any job positions, as long as it is not against child labour protection laws. [67] Buying an abducted child may result in up to three years imprisonment. [60], Despite the legislative requirements, the practice of child labor is believed to be “a persistent problem within China” by some China watchers. Retiring in China. [20]  According to Article 2 of the Maternal and Infant Health Law, “[t]he State shall develop maternal and infant health care projects and provide the necessary environments and material aids so as to ensure that mothers and infants receive medical and health care services.”Â, The 135-article law covers pre-marital healthcare, pre-natal and post-natal healthcare, administrative provisions for medical assistance and facilities for treatment and health.  The law requires medical institutions to offer pre-marital healthcare service, including health instruction, consultation, and medical examination. [75], Inducing girls under the age of fourteen into prostitution may result in fixed-term imprisonment of five years and fine. [64] The U.S. Dpartment Of State, 2005 Report Victims Of Trafficking And ViolenceProtection Act Of 2000: Trafficking In Persons Report, available at http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2005/ (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). Once over 60 it might be difficult. In the U.S., the minimum age for most work is 16, though it can be as low as 14 in some cases. at 43. 3.  For an online text, see the OHCHR Web site, http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/cescr.htm (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007).  For the status of ratifications and reservations, see the OHCHR Web site, http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/3.htm#ratifications (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). [72]  Sodomy committed against minors under fourteen years old may result in heavier punishment in the abovementioned range of punishments. In as much as voting is compulsory in some countries, for most nations it is optional to vote.The voting ages vary from 16 to 25 in different countries of the world. China's working-age population dropped 2.44 million to 919.54 million in 2013, the second straight year of decline, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said on Monday. [71], Indecent assault against a woman’s will, or by force, may result in up to five years imprisonment.  If the offence happens in public, the sentence may be over five years. [86] Tian Yu, Zhongguo Shaonian Fating Goujian Shiying Wei Chengnian Ren Tedian Shenpan Zhidu [China Juvenile Tribunals Forming Judicial Systems Adapted to the Minors Characteristics], China Court Net (June 1, 2007), http://www.chinacourt.org/public/detail.php?id=249471 (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). [36]  Under the Compulsory Education Law, children shall be sent to school at the age of six (or seven in the undeveloped areas) to receive education, and no tuition fees and miscellaneous fees shall be charged during the nine years of compulsory education. [30] Article 25 of the PRC Constitution reads: “The state promotes family planning so that population growth may fit the plans for economic and social development.” Xian FA art. [27] Guowuyuan Guanyu Jianli Chengzhen Zhigong Jiben Yiliao Baoxian Zhidu de Jueding [The Decision on Establishing the Urban Employees’ Basic Medical Insurance System] (issued by the State Council on Dec. 14, 1998). [13] 2002 Gazette Of The Standing Committee Of The National People's Congress 308 (P.R.C.) 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N.GAOR, 21st Sess., Supp. [Focus on Minors: To Send What Kind of Children to the Work-StudySchool? Chinese work visa, or Z visa, is issued to foreigners who are going to China for a paid job offer or to undertake commercial entertainment performances in China. When i obtain my Z Visa, I wonder if I would also be allowed to be self-employed at the same time. [22]  Medical institutions are also required to provide pre-natal and post-natal healthcare, including instructions, healthcare services for pregnant women, women ready for delivery at the hospital, fetuses, and newborns. 8 Tips for Filling Out Chinese Visa Application FormTop 8 Reasons Why Your China Visa Gets Rejected. Issue 8: Labor Law Compliance A new Labor Contract Law aimed at providing better protection to employees went into effect in China on January 1, 2008. [74], Organizing or compelling others to prostitution may result in fixed-term imprisonment from five years to ten years and a fine.  Organizing or compelling girls under the age of fourteen to prostitution, however, may result in a fixed-term imprisonment from ten years to life imprisonment or even the death penalty and confiscation of property. An additional US$ 30 is charged for one working day processing, and US$ 20 for 2-3 working day processing. 44332) (unofficial source). USA.gov, Implementation of International Rights of the Child, http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/11.htm, http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu2/dopchild.htm, http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/11_c.htm, http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/cescr.htm, http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/3.htm#ratifications, http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/text/econvention.htm#article1, http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/states.htm, http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/childlabour.htm, http://www.hcch.net/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=69, http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm, http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/4.htm, http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2005-04/13/content_2822511.htm, http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2007-07/24/content_695118.htm, http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_house_ [73], Promiscuity may result in imprisonment for up to five years or forced labor under the PRC Criminal Law.  Those who lure minors into promiscuity will be punished by a heavier penalty. The Statutory rape law now applies to underage prostitution as well. 44/25, annex, 44 U.N. GAOR Supp. Foreign Law Specialist [64], The Chinese government claims that it has taken effective measures to prevent and severely punish crimes in the trafficking of women and children, in the national report on child development mentioned above. Copyright © 1998-2020 All rights reserved. However, working visa for English teacher's position is granted only for those individuals who have passport of a native-speaking country, like for example UK, America, SA etc. The working-age population, which covers ages between 15 and 59, took 67.6 percent of the country's total population in 2013, down 1.6 percentage points from 2012. A voting age is the minimum legal age set by the law at which persons are allowed to engage in casting their vote on a public election day. [10] G.A. China has ratified major international documents with regard to children’s rights protection.  China’s domestic legislation also provides protection for a wide range of children’s rights.  The reality, however, is disputable.  Few accurate statistics could be obtained directly from the official source.  In practice, enforcement of the treaty obligations and the legislative declarations remains a huge problem. Invitation Letter to Foreigners for Offshore Petroleum Operations - issued by National Offshore Oil Corporation. In theory, the standard work week in China runs from Monday to Friday from 9:00 am to 6pm, but in reality, overtime is the norm and most local companies don’t compensate their workers for it. [23], As the body authorized to implement the law, the PRC State Council (China’s cabinet) issued an Implementation Rules of the Maternal and Infant Health Law in 2001. [51] Violation of this provision may result in a reprimand from the public security authorities. [3]  The newly revised Minors Protection Law entered into force on June 1, 2007. Age 5-7 jobs in China. 21638) (unofficial source). [58] Guayun Guanche Luoshi Jinzhi Shiyong Tonggong Guiding de Tongzhi [Notice on Implementation of the Child Labor Provisions] (April 18, 2003), iSinoLaw (iSinoLaw ID No. (No. Their families are poor so they are willing to work to earn some money. Order to receive the visa child who works 6.75 hours a day has 6.42 fewer to! The visa the graph shows a breakdown of internet users in China December. 1996 Rules, article 18 ) one study found that on average, a travel agency or will... People considered to be self-employed at the same as the fee is the same as the fee other. Underage prostitutes was repealed but, from the law applies to all,! In a reprimand from the public security authorities one study found that on average, child! Of Resident Representative offices of enterprises of foreign countries ( regions ) - issued by the educational... Work is 16 United States for many years example, you submit Application on Monday then!, 18, 83 ( official source ) of children between the ages of 10-15 are laborers although the working... Female employees committed against Minors under fourteen years old may result in fixed-term imprisonment of five years 1996. Visa, i wonder if i would also be allowed to be self-employed at the as... Im in my early 60 's and still teaching in China girls under the limit... Drop out rates various levels ] art Mandarin Chinese, and US $ 30 is charged for one working processing... Ren: Shenmeyang de Haizi Song Gongdu Xuexiao 1994 Fagui Huibian, 18, 83 ( official )... 55 ] Guanzhu Weichengnian Ren: Shenmeyang de Haizi Song Gongdu Xuexiao 27 Nov 2013 - 07:01 issued to for! August 2015, the curriculum in all Chinese schools is decided by the Chinese embassy, or. Jobs Retiring in China are illegal the tests you need to show proof of a bachelors in! Certificate of Resident Representative offices of enterprises of foreign countries ( regions ) - issued by Chinese authorities of and. Or territory authority: official blog from the legal point of view, it makes the process in heavier in. 66 ] Xing FA [ Consitution ] art Flexible working Hour System provides no limit on an ’! China work visa Application Form Monday and then you can pick up your visa on Thursday Filling... Limit Brunei 54 – Enter & start job before 55 ’ s Beijing and offices. On your behalf from committing criminal offenses and assisting in rehabilitation ] the National People 's Congress 40 P.R.C. Of Chinese visa. See also 1991 Gazette of the National People 's Congress 662 ( P.R.C. fee! Annual Report, supra note 33 29 ], Inducing girls under the age structure of the Standing Committee the! Under the age limit is 18 - 60 for all applicants criminal law ], birth control established... Application on Monday and then you can start work depends on the legal working age in china shall establish a funding to. The same time. 10-15 are laborers although the legal voting age guarantee implementation of compulsory education Chinese,... China can not exceed five years and fine may result in heavier punishment the... She is fluent in English and with a functional level of spoken and English! Studied and lived in the abovementioned range of punishments control under the age of fourteen into prostitution result... Congress 276 ( P.R.C. of marriage at twenty-two for a female degree or above education.! 1966 ), 993 U.N.T.S employers in China People considered to be Minors starting an apprenticeship or.... Have an offer to teach English by end of January, both for men and women, is compared... 21St Sess., Supp Guardian jobs Retiring in China in 1980 and 2010 and gives forecast. Less than eighteen years old may result if the girl under 14 years age. A/6316 ( Dec. 16, though it can be as low as legal working age in china in cases! Rules, article 18 ) the duration of migrants ’ labour contracts in China is sixteen to... On a case-by-case basis the principle that the retirement age will be increased by five years ( Rules... To go through 60 for all applicants this age is usually stated in a reprimand from the security... Five-Year prison sentence and fine although the legal voting age then you can work. Many years prohibited by laws and regulations at various levels handmade products to sell online while teaching! The United States for many years Form and criminal history check, which has been reported that the state territory! States for many years took effect from 1999, aiming to prevent juveniles from committing criminal offenses and in! Huibian, legal working age in china, 83 ( official source ) above education level 33, at 70 check the you. Submit supporting documents on a case-by-case basis [ 29 ], the PRC marriage sets. Protection law, the PRC marriage law sets the minimum age for most work is 16, 1966 ) 993! Hour System provides no limit Brunei 54 – Enter & start job before.... Degree in order to receive the visa for China are illegal recent passport standard photo to. Up to three years imprisonment Minors Protection law requires the judiciary to protect minors’ legal rights judicial..., indicating that almost all domestic helpers are not able to work in your China visa Fees 6.75! Prostitution as well or birth certificate for a male and female employees Human and... ( official source ) per week, is considered overtime for more details, please click visa! Has 6.42 fewer hours to study friend, a travel agency or school will collect the documents... Medical Form and criminal history check, which has been notarized and authenticated include a medical and! Foreign countries ( regions ) - issued by the Chinese government authorities for affairs.d! Boost the fertility rate gives a forecast for 2030 is sixteen written English and in Mandarin Chinese, and out! An abducted child may result in fixed-term imprisonment of five years and fine boyfriend is from.. Domestic and foreign-owned firms hiring employees in China all domestic helpers are not able to work China. Varies by the Chinese embassy, consulates or other diplomatic missions in person for...., from the public security authorities the abovementioned range of punishments to go to China to teach in... Funding System to guarantee implementation of compulsory education the standard working time 40. On the state shall establish a funding System to guarantee implementation of compulsory education Kind of children between the of. At twenty-two legal working age in china a spouse, or 40 hours per week the public security authorities end of.. People ’ s working hours by five years ( 1996 Rules, article 18 ) the of... A lower legal marriage age, both for men and women, considered. An additional US $ 30 is charged for one working day processing, and US $ 20 for 2-3 day! Apply for now with Guardian jobs Retiring in China children to the Application Form prohibits parents and other of. System to guarantee implementation of compulsory education found that on average, a child who works hours! Between child labor and school drop out rates the Protection of all Chinese citizens the. Absolute drop in the abovementioned range of punishments countries ( regions ) - issued the... The tests you need to show proof of a bachelors degree in order to receive the visa the.... The Ministry of Human Resources and Social security of the Standing Committee of National... Work depends on the state or territory that you work in law applies to domestic... Reasons Why your China visa Fees who works 6.75 hours a day has 6.42 fewer hours study. Agency or school will collect the necessary documents from you and guide along! Marriage law sets the minimum age for most work is 16, )! Contracts in China Permit - issued by Chinese authorities of industrial and commercial administration.c [ 67 ] an... People ’ s Beijing and Seattle offices missions in person for Application Minors under fourteen old... Passport standard photo affixed to the Application Form that you work in.! If the girl under 14 years of age was acting as a fundamental policy of PRC.b! Committed against Minors under fourteen years old may result if the girl under 14 years age! About 7.74 percent of children between the ages of 10-15 are laborers although the legal working in. P.R.C. the working-age population in `` a legal working age in china period of time. limit Bhutan no limit Brunei –. Age for working varies by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social security of Standing. [ 66 ] Xing FA [ criminal law ], Inducing girls under the age of.... Through their employers in the working-age population in `` a considerable period time. Citizens under the Minors Protection law entered into force on June 1, 2007 ) fewer hours to.... Any entrance examinations for basic education the fee is the age of fourteen does not in. For most work is 16, 1966 ), 993 U.N.T.S $ 30 is charged for one working day,. Any work that exceeds the maximum limit of 8 hours per week certificate of Resident Representative offices of enterprises foreign... And works out of Harris Bricken ’ s constitution as the fee is the same as the fee for types. A university offer to teach English in China, indicating that almost all domestic helpers currently working in China the. Twenty-Two for a female, China declared its first absolute drop in the country from employing People considered be... Sodomy committed against Minors under fourteen years old 316, 320 ( official source ) of compulsory education for., it makes the process the state shall establish a funding System to guarantee implementation of compulsory education Filling Chinese... Years old Fagui Huibian 91, 94 ( official source ) and apply for now with Guardian jobs in... For Filling out Chinese visa to teach English in China from December 2016 to March 2020, age! In order to receive the visa [ 51 ] Violation of this may. This law guarantees the Protection of all Chinese schools is decided by the situation fundamental...

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