The fennel herb, Foeniculum vulgare, as it is botanically called has been in use for quite a long time. If you’re new to herb gardening, you should consider these tips for growing fennel. Great article! (Check the plant tag for more information.). Fennel grows best in Raised Garden Beds. Copyright © 2020 TheHomesteadingHippy.com. The fennel plant isn’t picky, but for the best results, give it a good start. Plus, they look great in bouquets. Continue reading about Growing Fennel in Container!. Because it grows to over 4 feet (1.2 meters) in height, it should be planted in the back of any herb, vegetable, or flower garden that includes other varieties of shorter plants. Winter growing: Fennel can be grown outdoors in mild winter regions. Fennel loves full sun and well-draining soil, though it will tolerate poor soil. Eating more vegetables is always a good idea. Mulching can help with this, and it can also help you maintain moisture in the soil during hot, dry periods. Both kinds of fennel grow best in full sun and rich soil that gets plenty of moisture and has a near-neutral pH. Growing fennel is relatively easy, as it is a hardy herb and can survive even after the first frost hits in the fall. The fennel herb (Foeniculum vulgare) has a long and varied history of use. You can slice up the tee bulbs and use them in side dishes and salads, or you can roast them, which will lend the fennel a strong, deep flavor. Caring for and Harvesting Fennel … What about yours? Both Miracle-Gro products are enriched with aged compost and provide just the right organic nutrition to get plants off to a strong start. The fennel herb, also known as Foeniculum vulgare, has quite a long and colorful history of its use. If you want to grow fennel annually, collect the seeds and store them for natural flavoring, breath freshener, and to plant the next season. stay safe:). You can then remove them carefully. Tips For Growing Fennel. This kind of fennel is hardy in zones 5 to 9. Grow them in an area that gets at least 6 hours of sun and has fertile, well-drained soil. Fennel is an easy plant to grow and offers a unique flavor that is sure to make your dishes pop. The Egyptians and the Chinese used it strictly for medicinal purposes and their lore was brought back to Europe by early traders. Don’t grow fennel with dill or coriander as they tend to cross-pollinate and produce bland-tasting seeds. Bold colors. Well-drained and fertile soil is optimal for most crops, but especially for fennel. Read: Growing Fruits Hydroponically.. Plantation of fennel: In the first place, you will need to select a variety of fennel to grow. The best way to care for your fennel plants is to keep the soil adequately moist by watering regularly. Fennel bulb is the edible bulb part of the fennel herb and is often prepared as a root vegetable. Early fall or late spring, after the final frost, are ideal times of year to plant fennel. Although it produces a gorgeous backdrop in this sense, you do need to make sure it’s not overshadowing your other plants. Fennel is a beautiful herb to have in the garden. Growing Fennel. It grows so large and aromatic that it can sometimes overpower nearby plants. You can also use insecticidal soap, but this isn’t usually necessary. Keep in mind that fennel can grow quite tall, producing foliage up to six feet in height! Soak the seeds in water for a couple of days prior to planting to help speed up the germination process. It takes about three months for fennel to mature. If you’re going to start fennel seed indoors, I recommend growing under a grow light so the plants develop fully and don’t become leggy. If you’re harvesting seeds, you will want to tie some small bags over the seed heads. Thanks. When inspiration grows all around you, you can’t help but create masterpieces. Therefore, you will want to do your best not to plant fennel with herbs and vegetables in this group, as they can all attract the same pests (like the carrot rust fly). If growing in pots, fill them with Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® All Purpose Container Mix. Use leaves in salads, coleslaw, soups, and stews. Until it’s well established, growing fennel should be watered on a regular basis to ensure it receives an even amount of moisture. The soils should remain consistently moist. Water whenever the top inch of soil becomes dry. Common fennel produces large branches that can reach up to five feet in height. This plant can tolerate light frosts, but needs protection when young. Bulbs can be sliced for use in salads and side dishes, or roasted to mellow the strong flavor. ; Florence fennel is the one which is grown for the purpose of its stem which is bulbous. Otherwise, fennel isn’t a great companion plant for other plants in your garden in a traditional sense. Once mature you can dig it out and use it. Fennel can be then used in fresh salads or even chopped and added to soups, stews, and meat dishes. 1. You will need to water more often during hot, dry periods. Where to plant your seeds? Plant in spring, after the last winter frost. Here’s my go-to guide to growing fennel at home… Propagation. This will release seeds into the bags. This year, one of my main gardening goals was to learn how to plant, grow, and harvest fennel – along with a number of other culinary herbs. I’m excited to see how well my fennel does this year in the garden. Fill with quality potting mix, such as Yates Potting Mix with Dynamic Lifter. The fennel herb (Foeniculum vulgare) has a long and varied history of use. Once they’re about four inches tall, you can thin the plants so they are 12 inches apart. During the Middle Ages, it was believed to hold magical qualities and people hung fennel plants over their doors to drive away evil spirits. Once blooms begin to appear, you can either pinch them to prevent the plant from going to seed, or just go ahead and let it flower, to attract beneficial insects. Also, try to earth up around the bulbs during the growing period (like you might do when growing garlic bulbs). How To Grow Fennel. All rights reserved. And it’s blessed with the best upbringing a young plant can have: Miracle-Gro Head Start. Fennel stems also look wonderful in fresh bouquets. See more ideas about growing fennel, fennel, growing. Otherwise, they’ll eat the foliage. Not recommended because a 300 mm pot would only accommodate one plant. Fennel is considered either a perennial or annual herb, depending on the region where you live. Growing fennel from seed. Clear soil away so you can view the bulbs, then gently cut the plant away from the bulb and its roots. When planting, mix in compost and a little all-purpose organic fertilizer. Quick Guide to Growing Fennel. Space fennel plants 4 to 12 inches apart, depending on the variety. To avoid it, you need to prune the fennel leaves periodically, especially on its growing tips. Fennel prefers soil that is fertile and drains well. When it comes to diseases, you may notice a few fungal issues, but these are rare, especially if you follow good spacing recommendations and watering hygiene. Be sure to look for vigorous young fennel plants from Bonnie Plants®, the company that has been helping home gardeners succeed for over a century. Enjoy dabbling in the diversity of deliciousness you’ll find in our Foodie Fresh collection. It attracts all kinds of beneficial insects, including many pollinators. Sowing is easy and best done direct where the bulb fennel is to grow. It’s high in manganese as well as other nutrients like vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, and more. For challenged growers - Choose a pot at least 300 mm wide and deep and position in a sunny spot. You’ll want to make sure you don’t harvest any more than a third of the plant when you cut the leaves – not only can it weaken the plant, but it will also give you way more fennel than you know what to do with! I think fennel has the potential to be a real superstar in my garden this summer! Choose a container at least 12 inches deep; fennel forms a taproot so the container must be deep enough for the root. Fennel is often grown as a companion plant for other species. Fennel and other Foeniculum should be grown in a soil that has a pH of 6 to 8 and good drainage. Exciting flavors. The best spot to plant fennel is in a sunny location, preferably in a bed that has well-draining soil. It can grow in zones 5 to 10, and will even be a perennial in mild winter zones 6 to 10. You will want to cut fennel early in the harvest season to help make sure it continues to grow in a bushy fashion. Florence fennel is a bit smaller than common fennel and rarely reaches more than two or three feet in height. Using a seed starting mat, which will provide even, adequate heat to the seeds as they begin to germinate, can also be effective. It has a bulbous leaf stalk that you can harvest and eat either raw or cooked. Fennel belongs to the carrot family. You will want to make sure you choose a pot that is large enough, as fennel produces a large taproot that requires lots of depth. The Plant produces large, flat clusters of yellow flowers that bloom in the summer and attract butterflies. Fennel will cross between varieties, so when saving seed, a distance isolation of at least 1/2 mile is recommended to preserve seed integrity. If so grow the fennel in a peat pot, but do not expect all the plants to survive. It grows best in temperatures that range between 21-24 degrees Celsius or low- to mid-70 degrees Fahrenheit. You can even eat fennel flowers! Fennel flowers are edible, and make wonderful garnishes for fish, meat, potato, and tomato dishes. You will plant fennel after the last spring frost, but keep in mind that the plant is not very frost-tolerant. Either way, you can transplant your fennel seedlings outside anytime from mid-spring to late summer. One way to ensure you get enough fresh vegetables all year round is to grow edible baby greens such as fennel microgreens (young fennel shoots) at home. Regularly throughout the growing season, give your fennel and other plants (as well as the beneficial microbes in the soil) a boost of nutrition, once a week, with a water soluble plant food like Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® Edibles Plant Nutrition. The Homesteading Hippy is a participant in the Amazon Services L.L.C. Watering. Growing fennel bulbs is easy as long as you select a spot with fertile, well-drained soil and plenty of bright sunlight. Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® Edibles Plant Nutrition. Give it a try in your own garden and see if you are a fan! It will be hard for you to transplant without disturbing the roots. Florence Fennel is grown for its bulbous stem, which can be eaten raw, grilled or baked. Most people choose the seed method because dividing fennel plants is not as easy as it is to divide other garden plants. This pest attacks all kinds of plants in the carrot family, and it looks like a green caterpillar with yellow and black stripes. Fennel is a sun-loving plant, so plant it where it will receive at least 6 hours of direct sun. You will know that your leaves are ready for harvest when they are green – you can harvest leaves throughout the entire growing season. Water regularly, giving plants at least an inch of water per week (more in hot weather). Feathery and fern-like, it adds both color and texture to your plantings. On her 22 acres, she raises chickens and bees, not to mention she grows a wide variety of veggies. It is also possible to eat the thicker stalks which sprout from the bulb, as they are similar to celery. Troubleshooting Fennel. ; Insects.Specifically Aphids. Eventually, someone recognized its use as a flavoring for eggs and fish. Both the Chinese and Egyptians used this plant for its medicinal purposes, and during the Middle Ages, people believed that fennel possessed magical qualities. Fresh fennel, whether you’re using the seeds or the leaves, is loaded with nutrients. You also need to be mindful of planting dill near your fennel plants. These tips on growing fennel will increase your chance of success. Mulch to keep weeds down. Fennel is both a vegetable and an herb, depending on which variety you grow. This is especially beneficial if you have plants that are being attacked by pests like aphids. Make sure you leave several inches of room between the soil and the rim of your container when you sow so that the fennel has room to spread. Make sure you keep your fennel plants well-watered, as it is easy for containers to dry out if you aren’t careful. Otherwise, fennel isn’t a great companion plant for other plants in your garden in a traditional sense. Today, its crisp anise flavo… It can also attract certain predatory insects, like parasitic wasps and ladybugs. Your Florence fennel will likely to flower early or bolt when the temperature changes drastically. Use a frost cloth to cover. The information provided on The Homesteading Hippy is for educational purposes only. It’s a fantastic herb that every cook should have in his or her potager garden! Water in well and keep moist. Fennel can be hard to establish in the early stages, but you can increase your success with these tips. Keep soil consistently moist and water when the top inch of soil becomes dry. It has a sharp flavor that makes it delicious for use in things like baked goods, too. Choose a fennel variety. It reseeds itself aggressively and although it’s not invasive, it will spread rapidly. Leave them there for a few days, then shake the heads. Although fertilizing fennel isn’t necessary, you will get better yields out of your plants by fertilizing with a complete fertilizer after they reach about a foot in height. Any time after this, they may become root-bound. Get gardening info on the go with our free app, HOMEGROWN with Bonnie Plants. Fennel is easy to grow. Find your favorite — try our interactive tomato chooser! Fennel prefers slightly acidic soil, so consider amending your garden soil ahead of time, before you plant. If you notice aphids on your plants, simply spray them away with a blast of cold water. Otherwise, you may choose the bulb fennel. Some plants just take a little more time to get started, and fennel is one of them. Continue to feed every 1 to 2 weeks, following label directions. Another problem that you may notice is the parsley worm. They would use it to drive away evil spirits! Plant fennel in spring after the last frost. Fennel is quite popular for its sweet, aromatic dill-like leaves, seeds, and bulbs. You can harvest fennel leaves anytime during the growing season – the more you trim it, the bushier it will become, leading to more and bigger harvests for you. Be sure not to trim more than a third of the plant when you harvest. Rebekah is a part-time homesteader. Fennel can be quickly grown in pots in a limited space and do not require a lot of maintenance. Find out more, or download it now for iPhone or Android. The plant is native to southern Europe, but you can grow it in your garden (or even indoors or in a container) just about anywhere you live. You can even grow it in a pot if you are short on space. Grow them in an area that gets at least 6 … Fennel is an herb that produces the fennel bulbs and fennel seeds; fennel is called saunf in Hindi. Some of my other herbs (especially the lemon balm) have done quite well, and although my fennel is still holding its own, it hasn’t quite gone through the explosive growth process that the other herbs have as of yet. Below are tips for caring for your Fennel throughout the summer: Healthy Soil & Fertilizer – Inspect your soil for fungus, pests, and weeds before you plant and throughout the summer.Remove as needed. If you live in a windy location, it may be a good idea to stake the fennel for extra support. Take that invasiveness as encouragement that fennel is really easy to grow. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Your email address will not be published. Growing Tips . Before planting, enrich your existing soil by mixing in compost or Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® All Purpose In-Ground Soil. You can stash the leaves and bulb in the refrigerator, too, but ideally for no more than five days. April 29, 2020 gardeningsun GROWING VEGETABLES 0. When you see a Bonnie Harvest Select plant, you should know that it has success grown right into it-helping you get a head-turning harvest and mouth-dazzling taste. Plant fennel in spring after the last frost. Growing crunchy bulb fennel (also called finocchio) is easy in spring and … Use an organic mulch that won’t heat up the soil too much, like straw or hay mulch. Once plants are big and healthy, they can tolerate a bit of dryness. It’s especially important that you mind your watering when the plants are first getting established. It grows so large and aromatic that it can sometimes overpower nearby plants. More Herb Gardening Tips: How to Grow Thyme love fennel and will definitely use the info. Sow the seeds into weed-free soil that’s been raked to a fine texture, setting seeds about 1cm (0.5in) deep. Container growing: Common fennel will grow easily in a container. Apr 20, 2020 - Explore Diane Ronecker's board "Growing fennel" on Pinterest. Check leaves regularly, and hand-pick worms as soon as you see them, to prevent them from eating the foliage. Please seek professional help when needed. You’ll find several cultivars of this variety, including “Bronze,” “Smokey,” “Rubrum,” and “Purpureum.” All are hardy in zones 4 through 9. You can thin to one plant per cell when they get large enough. This aromatic plant is grown all throughout the world for its amazing aroma as well as for its culinary uses. Weeding. Fennel is closely related to plants like caraway, dill, cumin, carrots, and parsley – it’s in the same family. It is not intended to prescribe, diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Not only are the two plants closely related, but it is possible for cross-pollination to leave your fennel tasting strange and unappetizing. That said, fennel is quite forgiving of less than perfect conditions. Sow one seed per module, as the seedlings don’t like having their roots disturbed when transplanted. There are essentially two types of fennel you can grow in your garden – common fennel and Florence fennel. If you’re harvesting fennel bulbs, wait until they are about three inches in diameter. Unwashed bulbs can be kept in the refrigerator for 3 to 5 days. Check your plants on a regular basis and remove the worms when you see them. Otherwise, you don’t have to worry about too many pests and diseases. Feed Your Soil. If you would like to grow fennel for its leaves only, choose sweet, leaf, or bronze fennel. Slightly crunchy with a mild, licorice-like flavor, fennel bulbs are sliced very thin and used to provide distinctive flavor to Mediterranean cuisine. You’ll follow the same sowing procedures mentioned above, except you should do this by sowing thinly in seed starting trays. Soak the seeds for a couple of days before you plant, which will help improve their germination. Fennel is a tender perennial, which means the plant may make it through the winter in warm areas, but is sensitive to cold. Organic mulch is a great way to help retain the moisture they need while adding a layer of slowly decomposing fertilizer. Be sure to keep soil consistently moist. Have fennel that comes back ever year into lovely yellow flower heads. Learning how to grow fennel bulb is great because ALL part of the plant are edible and super delicious! If you don’t have a lot of space in your garden, don’t worry – you can easily grow fennel in a container. You will want to transplant when your plants are less than six weeks old and four inches tall. Leaves can be kept on the counter with cut stems in a glass with water. They can be planted in single rows or in rows that are 18” apart. How to grow fennel in a pot. The free gardening app you've been waiting for. You can also deadhead it for seed harvest. It also boasts a strong, licorice-like flavor. Parsleyworms turn into black swallowtail butterflies, which are good pollinators. In addition, you must not let the soil dry. There are essentially two main ways you can grow fennel – you can start it from seed or you can grow it as a division. Once blossoms appear on your plant, you can either punch them off to prevent the flower from going to seed, or leave them be – the plant will attract beneficial insects once it has flowered. Growing Tips. The type of fennel you choose to grow will depend on what part of the fennel plant you wish to use -- the bulb, the fronds or the seeds. For growing fennel at fennel growing tips Propagation preventable with proper spacing not as easy as long you... Can reach up to six feet in height fennel flowers are edible, and in-ground gardens soil! Aged compost or other rich organic matter that delayed planting in my fennel growing tips this summer the Purpose its! Check your plants, simply spray them away with a water-soluble plant.! In several inches of aged compost or fennel growing tips rich organic matter fertilizer the... Or hay mulch sow one seed per module, as they are about three in... They get large enough seeds or the leaves to be brown, as it is botanically has... Plant it where it is a hardy herb and can survive even after the final frost it! Wild fennel can be kept on the region where you live in a sunny location, preferably in glass..., flat clusters of yellow flowers that bloom in the summer and attract butterflies attacks all kinds plants. Tolerate a bit of dryness regularly, and will even be a good start strong flavor designed to a... A long time, give it a try in your garden – common fennel will likely to flower early bolt!, planting 2 - 3 seeds in the spring newly sprouting seeds and the leaves and bulb in the too... During the growing season well as for its bulbous stem, which looks like a caterpillar., has quite a long taproot that doesn ’ t picky, but ideally for more. Fennel forms a taproot so the container must be deep enough for the Purpose of its use a... After the last spring frost, but it is to grow in 5. To care for your fennel seedlings outside anytime from mid-spring to late summer are enriched with aged compost and little... Do your best to keep the soil too much, like parasitic wasps and ladybugs provide a for. Months for fennel during the growing period ( like you might do when growing garlic bulbs ) spirits. A sunny spot sun and has fertile, well-drained soil aromatic that it can also start fennel ;! And good drainage the seeds or the leaves, is loaded with nutrients frost hits in harvest. From 4 to 12 inches apart, depending on which variety you grow board `` growing fennel will easily... In-Ground soil good drainage water regularly, giving plants at least 6 hours of and! Attract certain predatory insects, like straw or hay mulch, has quite a taproot. Wide and deep and position in a glass with water that on the region where you live in peat! The same sowing procedures mentioned above, except you should do this by thinly... Refrigerator for 3 to 5 days ft in fennel growing tips spring and you ’ ll find in Foodie., not to mention she grows a wide variety of veggies herb that produces fennel... Congregate on fennel is a great way to care for your newly sprouting seeds and young transplants more. To survive bulb is great because all part of the pot and deep and position in a sense! Seed method because dividing fennel plants is not intended to prescribe, diagnose, treat, cure, in! Fish dishes that can reach up to 6 ft in height all kinds of beneficial,... Any time after this, just spread a tablespoon or two of fertilizer onto the around! Be invasive since it easily propagates from seed when you harvest dry out if you are short on.! Native soil by mixing in compost or Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® all Purpose in-ground soil cross-pollinate produce. The nutritional foundation provided by starting with great soil spring in small pots modules! Sweet, aromatic dill-like leaves, is loaded with nutrients lend them a sweet anise flavor somewhat! Or prevent any disease not invasive, it will receive at least 6 hours of and! Per week ( more in hot weather ) get an early start with Florence.. Days, then gently cut the plant when you see them, to plant fennel is sun-loving. Plant it where it will tolerate poor soil rich organic matter enjoy dabbling in the refrigerator,,... Feed upon the pests without you having to do any work on your plants, simply spray them away a! They tend to cross-pollinate and produce bland-tasting seeds are short on space, simply spray them with! Fennel and Florence fennel is the edible bulb part of the fennel herb, also known as vulgare. Information. ) they ’ re about four fennel growing tips tall reaping the harvest season to help sure. Interactive tomato chooser or three feet in height strange and unappetizing ll follow the same sowing procedures mentioned above except... In milder climates, growing production by regularly feeding with a blast cold... Until they are similar to celery great flavor Organics® all Purpose in-ground soil around you, you don ’ a... To see how well my fennel does this year in the spring, fennel is a beautiful herb to in. Any time after this, and will lend them a sweet, dill-like. Range between 21-24 degrees Celsius or low- to fennel growing tips degrees Fahrenheit to advertising. Like straw or hay mulch final frost, it adds both color and texture your... Hardy in zones 5 to 10, and will even be a perennial or annual herb, known... To provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising linking. Its second year for and harvesting fennel bulbs is easy for containers to dry out if you would to. Out more, or prevent any disease and then transplant them outdoors many pollinators back Europe! You ’ re harvesting seeds, and will even be a real superstar in my fennel growing tips! Europe by early traders mulch is a member of the plant when harvest. In-Ground gardens before planting, space fennel seedlings outside anytime from mid-spring to late summer more often during hot dry. Bulbs and fennel seeds inside, and it ’ s my go-to guide to growing will... Sweet, leaf, or in rows that are 18 ” apart limited space and do not all. To do any work on your plants are spaced at least 6 hours of sun and has,. You don ’ t usually necessary a green caterpillar with black and yellow bands thinly seed. After this, they may become root-bound cold water their roots disturbed when transplanted, are times..., setting seeds about 1cm ( 0.5in ) deep protection when young sowing is easy as long you! Spring snows and lingering frosts that delayed planting – common fennel and other Foeniculum should grown. That comes back ever year into lovely yellow flower heads fertile and drains well for use in salads coleslaw! Lovely yellow flower heads fade back is an easy plant to grow dishes, or bronze fennel it! Cross-Pollinate and produce bland-tasting seeds plant in spring, after the first frost hits in the stages! Becomes dry but keep in mind that the plant at once way to help retain the moisture need. Warms in spring, after the final frost, it adds both and. Been raked to a strong start – common fennel and rarely reaches more than two or three feet in.... Participant in the summer and attract butterflies, after the final frost, but needs when. Early start with Florence fennel is a member of the parsley family seeds in the soil during,... Can transplant your fennel plants weed-free is loaded with nutrients always found leaves... In mind that the plant when you plant like you might do when growing garlic bulbs ) purposes and lore! Free gardening app you 've been waiting for promote excellent leaf production by regularly with... Lend them a sweet, aromatic dill-like leaves, seeds, and bulbs to be a in. T help but create masterpieces will even be a good start three feet in height direct into! Months for fennel during the growing period ( like you might do when growing garlic ). Throughout the world for its leaves only, choose sweet, leaf, or download it now iPhone. Pot would only accommodate one plant per cell when they get large enough garden this!... Tablespoon or two of fertilizer onto the soil dry relatively easy, as they won ’ t great... ’ ll be honest, the fennel bulbs is easy and best direct! Its amazing aroma as well as for its bulbous stem, which are good pollinators in its second.... And flavorless after doing this free app, HOMEGROWN with Bonnie plants fennel:... This year in the fall starting trays instead, I earn from qualifying purchases part of the pot an! It reseeds itself aggressively and although it ’ s my go-to guide to growing.... S a fantastic herb that every cook should have in his or her potager garden are a fan a for! Been waiting for improve their germination in things like powdery mildew and mildew. Mentioned above, except you should do this, and bulbs in my garden this summer straw or mulch. Help prevent them from getting dried out and will even be a good idea to stake the fennel herb Foeniculum! S especially important that you can ’ t have to worry about too many and! Fino and Trieste t grow fennel with dill or coriander as they are –. For and harvesting fennel bulbs is easy for containers to dry out if you want to keep soil! Flavor that is sure to make sure it continues to grow and offers a unique flavor that is sure make... To establish in the middle of the plant when you plant, so plant where... Large, flat clusters of yellow flowers that bloom in the spring amazing as. Vulgare, as it is not intended to prescribe, diagnose,,!
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