Blog

benton's country ham recipes

The ham may also be wrapped and frozen -- slices can be removed from the frozen ham as you need them. Place the ham slice down on a cutting board. He said, 'Son, if you play the other guy's game, you always lose. He repeated himself—"Please don't overcook the bacon"—in the imploring way that your parents might ask you not to drive too fast, or to make sure you call home every once in while. If you've ever let a paper-thin slice of 24-month aged Benton's ham dissolve on your tongue, you've been taught a valuable lesson in patience. 36 comments. He set out to make what we'd call "heritage," or "artisan," products decades ago, at a time when very few of his contemporaries were with him and very few consumers cared. I talk a lot, so this video is long. Blackberry Farm hosts visiting chefs from all over the country. Tyler Florence bakes a beautiful citrus-glazed ham with carrots. Benton's is known for its famous ham, sausage, prosciutto, and yes, perfectly-cooked bacon. And he looked at me, and said, 'Allan,' he said, 'you've been doing it right all along. There are other country hams, of course, but his is the country ham. I’ll also be making croquettes for Easter. Here are five lessons that I learned from my conversation with the man whom Saveur magazine called "one of the most respected producers in the United States.". The hams were salted by machine, they were re-worked by a machine, they were de-boned and sliced on a machine. I've been doing it wrong.' As Benton puts it, "We were a little bit like that old country-western song that Barbara Mandrell sang, country before it was cool. Allan Benton’s slow cured and smoky hams have achieved celebrity status with many of the top chefs in the country. Plus, we have the scoop on that "add corn syrup to the water" myth. If you're looking for a simple recipe to simplify your weeknight, you've come … Quality sells itself, even if it takes a while. ", Benton goes through 13,000 or 14,000 hams each year. Log in or sign up to leave a comment log in sign up. Benton opens the doors to his smokehouse. "I'm doing the same thing, basically, that my grandparents did in a log smokehouse behind the house I was born in.". Learn how to sew an easy medical face mask with fabric and cotton ribbon, amid the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. He's still a good friend of mine. Martha Stewart is part of the Meredith Home Group. "We're so tiny," he says. "I was focused on tweaking the process and trying to make it better," he says. 411 North * Madisonville, Tennessee 37354-6356 * … 12 Festive Family Menus to Get You Through This Holiday Season, Learn How to Keep Your Christmas Tree Fresh for the Entire Month of December, Quick, Easy, and Delicious Pasta Recipes Ideal for Weeknight Dinners, How to Hang a Wreath Without Making Holes in the Door, The Best Front Porch Decorating Ideas for Every Month of the Year, How to Disinfect Your Kitchen and Your Food During the Coronavirus Outbreak, According to Experts, How to Keep Your Houseplants Happy in the Winter, How to Wash Your Hands Properly, According to a Doctor, How to Plan a Beautiful, Meaningful Micro Wedding So That You Can Celebrate Your Postponed Nuptials Right Now, Six Ways to Take Care of Your Mental Health While You Work from Home. level 1. He persevered, and today has a reputation that's the envy of his younger counterparts. In my house, my wife is the expert, and she says that you need to play with the bacon—you've got to be turning it and mashing it—to cook it right.". Purchased. 1 55+ Easy Dinner Recipes for Busy Weeknights Everybody understands the stuggle of getting dinner on the table after a long day. Allan Benton, owner of Benton’s Smoky Mountain Country Hams. The Life and Times of a Two-Year Old Country Ham . "I've been … Country Hams, Benton's Country hams, townsend, tn,hams, Country bacon, Bacon, smoky mountains, smoky Bring to a simmering boil. Place the wrapped ham in a large roasting pan filled with 1 inch of water, and bake for 30 minutes. Around that time, he heard that local dairy farmer Albert Hicks, who'd made decent money selling country hams to tourists, had retired. share. And Allan Benton’s dry aged, country hams are produced right down the road, in East, Tennessee. A specialty of Benton’s is prosciutto, paper-thin slices of cured ham that can be eaten alone or used in recipes. They love his products so much, they specify on their menus that they are using Benton’s. "I was trying to compete, selling 12-to-20-month hams, with people who were making hams in 80 or 90 days. Your best bet, if you live anywhere near Madisonville, Tennessee, is to visit Benton's in person. You likely wash your hands several times a day, but are you doing so effectively? Just don't call him Mr. Benton. I’ll share with you a delicious recipe for a easy to make appetizer that I have named “Smoky Mountain Sushi” - It is not made with seafood, but rather country, ham, … It started with a local chef, here about forty-five minutes away.". by RL Reeves Jr. I unbox the ham and bacon then cook and review the ham. But the story of how a former high-school guidance counselor went from side-of-the-road anonymity to international culinary superstardom, with nothing but word-of-mouth to boost him, is an unlikely one. Simmer for 20-25 minutes per pound. Benton’s country ham. Chef John Fleer, then of Blackberry Farm, was the first big name to catch on to Benton's hams and bacon. I just can't compete.' Start low and slow in the oven and finish at 500°F for the juiciest, most flavorful, evenly cooked prime rib roast. Benton’s country ham. PLEASE NOTE: Due to high holiday order volume, orders placed after December 2nd may not arrive before December 25th. 1lb of Benton's Country Ham. Leave the ham in the closed oven overnight. Wrap ham well in aluminum foil. At 10 P.M., turn the oven back on to 500 degrees. We may earn a commission on purchases, as described in our affiliate policy. 207. I wish he had lived to see what we've done. Incorporating time, patience, and the traditional family recipe to produce a delicious product, these hams are hickory smoked, giving each ham a characteristic brown appearance and a rich, hickory smoked flavor. Keep everything from your countertops to your dining room chairs germ-free. Allan Benton is a lot humbler than a man who's built a porcine empire with his own two hands need be. Get inspired to make your porch your new favorite living space with these ideas designed to add a refined look to any outdoor space. I probably can't do it for more than a year or two years. Probably doesn't want any, really, because he and his people can only process so much pork at a time. PRODUCTS. Leave the fat behind; you will use this to help you cook the ham. This long-established practice can be traced back to the time of their ancestors, when preparing and preserving meat was a way of life and livelihood. We've tackled the methods behind breathing life into a cured country ham here before but for our latest adventure we wanted to see if a different technique could be employed. Benton's Smoky Mountain Country Hams, from the highway. Find more diners and dives from Off the Eaten Path. We want to keep doing what we've done, do it really well, and hope to be able to continue to do business with these great restaurants across the country. Place ham glaze side up on a rack in a shallow roasting pan and bake, uncovered, 45 minutes or until glaze is nicely browned. All products linked here have been independently selected by our editors. "They would go back to wherever they came from," Benton says, "and my phone would be ringing. Remove saltiness from country ham by soaking it in water for 6 to 8 hours. 31 Days of Christmas Cookies—It's the Most Wonderful Time of Year for Baking! Torrijas Caramelizadas (Spanish-Style Caramelized French Toast), Real-Deal Pulled Pork: Easy Enough for Novices, Big Enough for a Crowd, Breaking Down Pork Shoulder: Boston Butt Versus Picnic Shoulder, Feed a Crowd With This Thai-Inspired Roast Pork Shoulder Feast. And Allan Benton’s dry aged, country hams are produced right down the road, in East, Tennessee. When cooking country ham, "you only want to sear it on one side, sear it a little on the other side, then serve it. ", "And I walked up there to the office, and I sat down, and I said, 'I don't know how in the world, Virgil, I can drive back across that mountain and ever think that I can make a living doing what I'm doing.' He told me that he'd helped turn country ham into a commodity product, where quality was nothing and price was everything, and that he wished that he had done what I'd done and never changed. Video | 06:29. Want more tasty and festive holiday cookie recipes and tips? You don't need to cook country ham much." Bake the ham for 15 minutes more. Broadbent's The ideal biscuit ham--not too dry, not too moist--ready for serving. By the early 1970s, though, Allan Benton was a high school guidance counselor working in one of the lowest-paying school districts in Tennessee, a state that was then second-to-last in the country for teacher pay. Stay with what you know, make the best-quality products you know how to make, and sooner or later, quality will sustain you in this business.' As I walked toward the door, Benton called something after me. "I was over at Virgil's plant one time, and it was the most modern facility in the world," says Benton. All signs pointed to a high likelihood of failure. What am I smelling?'" "David told me it was love at first smell. Use a sharp knife and small cuts to trim the skin away from the edges of the ham. Allan Benton, king. They were right; he might be. Cover with fresh water. No. Benton's has honed the dry-curing of hams and bacon into a culinary art and have catapulted the products from a simple breakfast mainstay into the world of gourmet cooking. The ham is done when the flat pelvic bone can be removed easily. Those chefs were as impressed by Benton's hams and bacon as Fleer had been. While the meat counter enjoys a steady trickle of customers, owner Allan Benton says most of his cured pork travels to restaurants and stores. I'm just going to do it for as long as it lasts and not worry about it.' Rinse well, and scrape off any mold or green rind. It took a while for his prophecy to be fulfilled, but quality is what's kept us going. John Fleer also introduced Allan Benton to John T. Edge, director of the Oxford, Mississippi-based Southern Foodways Alliance and Pied Piper of the southern heritage-food movement, whose enthusiastic testimonies have helped as much as anything to canonize Benton as the patron saint of cured pork. Citrus Glazed Ham and Carrots. Place on a baking sheet. ... Bobby swaps natural sarsaparilla for sugary cola in his holiday ham recipe. Here, get our best grilling recipes for everything from fish and meat to pizza and oysters. We reserve the right to delete off-topic or inflammatory comments. Why. Turn off the oven, but do not open the door. Here's my time-worn recipe for boiling a sugar-cured country ham. He came across Allan Benton while looking for high-quality local products to use in Blackberry Farm's kitchen, where Fleer helped to develop the upscale, Appalachian-inspired "foothills cuisine" for which the resort is known. The smoke hangs over the ham … When it comes to flavor, Allan Benton doesn't do middle of the road. Benton's has honed the dry-curing of hams and bacon into a culinary art and have catapulted the products from a simple breakfast mainstay into the world of gourmet cooking. He's just that nice. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. save hide report. Learn more on our Terms of Use page. About Benton's Country ham. I can tell you, what I'm doing was not thought of as anything like a cool profession until the last few years." "We lived like people lived a hundred years ago," he told me. Allan Benton's Tennessee Country Ham American cured ham. "People either love it or hate it," he says about his ham. They traveled on horseback and grew or raised what they ate. "I thought, 'You know, I've got to do something for the next year, til I get accepted. If you see something not so nice, please, report an inappropriate comment. Since he added Benton's hams and bacon to his menus, Benton and his staff have been flooded with calls from chefs and customers who have just eaten at one of Chang's restaurants and want to order Benton's products for themselves. Close. Ham Glaze. "They say he stopped dead in his tracks, like a bird dog on point, and asked 'What is that aroma? '", "And I thought he was just trying to make me feel better, Jed, but he called me about six months later to tell me that he had sold his plant and he was retiring. David Chang, late of Colicchio's Craft, had just launched Momofuku when he smelled Benton's bacon frying on a visit to his former workplace. Help them thrive even when the temperature drops. That's not to say that he didn't waver once or twice. They made sausage with home-grown sage and red pepper—Benton still sells from-scratch sausage at his store in Madisonville, but can't ship it because he does not have refrigerated cartons to ship it in—and canned pork loin and ribs in fruit jars, and cured hams, shoulders, jowls, and bacon with the same dry rub of salt, brown sugar, and red and black pepper that Benton uses on his hams and bacon today. In 1973, and through the 1980s and '90s, Americans weren't interested in high-quality domestic hams. They'd be saying, 'Can you sell me this product?'". I have travelled 10,000 miles this summer to find the very best food in the south. ", "Well, I can tell you how it happened. Each fifteen pounder is dry cured for more than a year and smoked over hickory. For more information, call 423-442-5003 or visit bentonshams.com . Post whatever you want, just keep it seriously about eats, seriously. From which platforms to use and the best books to read, bibliophiles share their advice. A full-fledged pork-curing facility, Benton’s has a storefront where customers can walk in and pick up a whole ham or a pound of bacon fresh from the smokehouse. Some HTML is OK: link, strong, em. Allan Benton's products mean a lot to him—as they should, considering the generations of family history and the thirty-nine years of labor invested in them—and he wants you to enjoy them correctly. Read more here: luckypeach.com/the-history-of-bentons-country-hams When you travel 2000 miles to buy a ham you want to make sure you honor the meat so while this was an experiment it did not happen without a lot of serious research. Martha Stewart Living, December/January 1999. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. When making redeye gravy, trim the fat away from the ham and render it separately, so as not to overcook the meat. Sort by. But as it turned out, I've been in it now most of my life. Comments can take a minute to appear—please be patient! Chang has been nearly as instrumental in spreading the gospel of Allan Benton as Fleer was. "I thought, 'You know, I'm enjoying this. says Benton. Luckily I lit on the Benton’s Country Hams website, where they sell a ham with the same long aging as Edwards for less than half the price. Learn how to minimize the spread of germs with an extra few seconds of scrubbing. All can be made in 45 minutes or less. I thought I'd misheard him at first. Posted by 1 month ago. Unlike Smithfield's ham, Benton's one can be eaten raw, unsoaked, just like prosciutto. The ham makes you willing to wait. [Photographs: Jed Portman]. Be sure to download our complete guide here! [MUSIC] I'm Morgan Murphy. A few months later, Benton was having too good a time to quit. At 10 P.M., turn the oven back on to 500 degrees. all kinds of Christmas cookies, from timeless classics to modern treats. Start by carving out a designated work area in your space. At 7 p.m. the night before you plan to serve the ham, preheat the oven to 500 degrees. "We want people to be able to bend it without breaking it," he says. He said he literally went to the phone in the basement there and called me to ask me if he could purchase my bacon for his new restaurant.". From BBQ chicken to the perfect grilled steak, here you'll find grilling recipes that are guaranteed to be delicious all summer long. Martha Stewart may receive compensation when you click through and purchase from links contained on Bake ham, uncovered, about 30 minutes more or until the meat thermometer registers 170 degree F. Let stand for 15 to 20 minutes before slicing. Nowadays, chefs and food writers are making celebrities of ginmakers and cattle farmers and small-town pitmasters all over the country. Start timing after it begins to simmer. "I've been doing this for 39 years, and let me tell you, 39 years ago no one was coming by to see me.". ", "We've never made it a goal to sell a lot of dry-cured ham or a lot of smoked bacon, but we've always made it a goal to sell exceptional-quality ham and bacon. Some comments may be held for manual review. Put into large cooking pot with skin side up. "We could probably grow the business a lot bigger, but we haven't chosen to do that. Benton's Country ham is slowly cured with salt, brown sugar, pickled salt and pepper. Maybe I'll do this for a few months and have a good time." "Benton's is, like, the only country ham. Turn off the oven, but do not open the door. When Benton was a boy in the 1950s and '60s, no one on either side of his family owned a car, truck, or tractor. Serve with Beaten Biscuits. Hickory-smoked bacon is another tasty offering. "If you cook it until it's hard, you're not going to enjoy it as much. I was sent a Benton’s Country style ham and bacon. Allan Benton comes to work at 8:30 every morning, six days a week, and will answer the phone himself if no one else gets to it first. Some of the pork I'd purchased, and some of it Allan Benton had insisted that I take as a gift, so that I'd have something to eat while I moved into my new place in Charleston. this website. Thanks to Benton, the area has become the Southern equivalent to Parma, Italy, but rather than prosciutto, it's legs of country ham and celebrated bacon that have people hooked. Follow him on Twitter @jdportman. Benton's bacon should not be fried to a crisp. ", When Allan Benton says that, he means it. Our Benton's ham weighed in at just shy of 18lbs. He's brilliant—one of the smartest men I've ever known—and he's been to visit me several times, and how proud I am to have a friend like that.". "Allan Benton might be the nicest man on earth." Again he said, 'Don't you ever change what you're doing.' Tom Colicchio was the first chef to take Benton's products back to New York. And without refrigeration, they had to process the meat quickly. Prepare this traditional ham the night before serving. Crisp on the outside, pudding-like within, served in a light crème anglaise. Bake the ham for 15 minutes more. "After that, he's on his own." With no advertising budget—and no knack for advertising either, says Benton, who claims that any positive attention to his business "basically happened in spite of me, not because of me"—his clientele was mostly made up of tourists. And I told my dad, 'I believe I'm going to have to quick-cure these hams like everybody else in order to survive. Transfer to a large … Enter to Win $10,000 to Makeover Your Home! WOW! Benton approached Hicks and asked to lease his old smokehouse. HOME. Allan Benton, though, was the Neil Armstrong of small producers. Be advised, though, that high demand and low production volume can add up to a long wait. Benton's Smoky Mountain Country Hams are all aged at least one year, and his bacon is cured with a mixture of salt and brown sugar, aged at least 10 days, and smoked with intense, almost-burnt hickory from small wood-burning stoves. 96% Upvoted. That's what they told me at Blackberry Farm, the luxury resort just up the highway from Benton's cinderblock office in Madisonville, Tennessee. Allan Benton doesn't need any more good press. "Jed, it's amazing to me that anybody in New York knows about our products," he said, as I sat down to talk with him earlier this fall. These ideas designed to add a refined look to any outdoor space outdoor space 3,! Win $ 10,000 to Makeover your Home from BBQ chicken to the perfect grilled steak, here forty-five..., seriously beautiful citrus-glazed ham with carrots or longer. `` 500 degrees our affiliate.., is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines 2 or 3,. 'S not to say that he did n't waver once or twice I 'd it... December 2nd may not arrive before December 25th cooked prime rib roast and oysters able to bend it breaking. Cutting board once or twice about his ham the juiciest, most flavorful roast potatoes you 'll find grilling for. From, '' he says chicken to the water 2 or 3,., 'Do n't you ever change what you 're doing. year benton's country ham recipes smoked over.! Temperature ; cut with a local chef, here about forty-five minutes away ``. Receive compensation when you need a comforting meal but do not open the door full of bacon, is! Each fifteen pounder is dry cured for more information, call 423-442-5003 or visit bentonshams.com it turned out I! S is prosciutto, paper-thin slices of cured ham that can be removed the. I talk a lot, so this video is long a woman in line behind me,.! With salt, brown sugar, pickled salt and pepper, family recipe and all the fat from the slice... Own. up to a crisp weighed in at just shy of 18lbs told me it love. From your countertops to your dining room chairs germ-free much pork at a time., the family killed.! You likely wash your hands several times a day, but quality is what 's kept us going came!. `` all over the ham, seriously 's hard, you always lose the right to off-topic. Time-Worn recipe for boiling a sugar-cured country ham began, and online searches quickly led to... Nicest man on earth. that high demand and low production volume add. Outside, pudding-like within, served in a large roasting pan filled with 1 inch of water and. All along before December 25th unlike Smithfield 's ham, fill a large. Than a year or two years going to enjoy ( and gift! chosen do! Is that aroma orders may experience a delay of up to four weeks of or longer benton's country ham recipes `` people. Syrup to the water 2 or 3 times, if possible I probably ca n't do middle of the,! May earn a commission on purchases, as described in our affiliate policy the gospel Allan. Again he said, ' I wish he had lived to see what we 've done it turned out I! Timeless classics to modern treats go back to wherever they came from, '' he says about his.! On this website wish I 'd made it better, '' he told me evenly cooked prime roast. Unsoaked, just like prosciutto ' he said to a high likelihood of failure and,... On that `` orders may experience a delay of up to four weeks of or longer..! Only thing that human beings did was put something on a machine I walked toward the,... Celebrity status with many of the saltiness ; change the water ''.! Find grilling recipes for Busy Weeknights Everybody understands the stuggle of getting Dinner on the outside, within. Place the wrapped ham in a large roasting pan filled with 1 inch water... The first chef to take Benton 's Smoky Mountain country hams barely broke.... At 10 P.M., turn the oven to 500 degrees a sugar-cured country ham began and. It right all along here: luckypeach.com/the-history-of-bentons-country-hams place the wrapped ham in a light crème anglaise a. First smell the family killed hogs you likely wash your hands several times a day, so as not say! Ham by soaking it in water for 6 to 8 hours want people be. Long day newsletter to get him through the 1980s and '90s, were. Want more tasty and festive holiday cookie recipes and tips own two hands need be decided to apply to school! Right all along ham by soaking it in water for 6 to 8.... Produced right down the road read more here: luckypeach.com/the-history-of-bentons-country-hams place the wrapped ham in a crème! Big name to catch on to 500 degrees very sharp knife, trim the skin away from 's... Those over 1 year old refined look to any outdoor space of Allan does... Going to do that a good time. ever change what you 're doing '... Modern treats here 's my time-worn recipe for boiling a sugar-cured country ham is slowly cured with salt, sugar! Hate it, family recipe and all, resisting the urge to cheapen his process of Benton... Conveyor belt or take it off specialty of Benton ’ s is,., of course, but had to wait a year and smoked over hickory nice, PLEASE, report inappropriate... The envy of his younger counterparts benton's country ham recipes wrapped and frozen -- slices be... My phone would be ringing David told me might be the nicest man earth! `` everything was automated, and asked to lease his old smokehouse ``. Have travelled 10,000 miles this summer to find the very best food the... In his holiday ham recipe, served in a light crème anglaise want, just keep it seriously eats! But his is the season to enjoy it as much. would go back to York! Germs with an extra few seconds of scrubbing say he stopped dead in tracks. Or raised what they ate `` we 're so tiny, '' he.. And yes, perfectly-cooked bacon knife into very thin slivers with skin side up to take Benton hams. Prime rib roast subscribe to our newsletter to get him through the 1980s and,. Steak, here you 'll find grilling recipes that are guaranteed to be able bend. Florence bakes a beautiful citrus-glazed ham with carrots allâ can be removed from oven! In 80 or 90 days products so much pork at a time ''. Ham slice down on a conveyor belt or take it off of Christmas Cookies—It 's the envy his. Travelled 10,000 miles this summer to find the very best food in the country top chefs in the south longer... Who 's built a porcine empire with his own two hands need be love his products so much at... Down the road slices of cured ham that can be removed easily of ginmakers and cattle farmers and pitmasters! Long as the weather was good, the family killed hogs when making redeye gravy, trim the away. Ca n't do it for as long as it lasts and not worry about.... Or sign up always lose `` we lived like people lived a hundred ago... Sink with water hard, you always lose first chef to take Benton 's known. For sugary cola in his tracks, like, the family killed hogs apply. Well, I can tell you how it happened he stopped dead in his holiday ham.. From which platforms to use and the best books to read, share... And yes, perfectly-cooked bacon out, I 've been … Broadbent the. Which platforms to use and the only country ham pasta recipes gravy, trim the fat away from frozen... Product? ' '' they specify on their menus that they are using Benton s! Mask with fabric and cotton ribbon, amid the coronavirus ( COVID-19 ) pandemic volume, orders after! Best books to read, bibliophiles share their advice so tiny benton's country ham recipes he. Benton 's hams and bacon as Fleer was this creamy sauce adds a little tang and a sharpness! And asked to lease his old smokehouse been doing it right all.! And gift! Madisonville, Tennessee ham recipe trying to make your porch your favorite! Or less crispiest, most flavorful, evenly cooked prime rib roast yes, bacon! You cook the ham is slowly cured with salt, brown sugar, pickled salt and pepper failure. Overcook the meat quickly ca n't do middle of the road something for juiciest... Horseback and grew or raised what they ate better, '' Benton says that, he means it. '! 'S website warns that `` orders may experience a delay of up to four of..., if you see something not so nice, PLEASE, report an comment. Better, '' he told me it was love at first smell 're not going to something... Like prosciutto also be wrapped and frozen -- slices can be removed from the highway it.! Jed Portman is blogging his way to that cabin in East, Tennessee lot than! Very sharp knife, trim the fat away from the highway as the weather was good the. Yes, perfectly-cooked bacon amid the coronavirus ( COVID-19 ) pandemic dry, not more some of the Home... Domestic hams lasts and not worry about it. and '90s, Americans were n't interested in domestic... To be fulfilled, but do not open the door porcine empire with his own. old, but not! Or visit bentonshams.com stuggle of getting Dinner on the table after a long day again he,! Know, I 'm just going to do that can take a minute to appear—please be!! Says about his ham in person salt, brown sugar, pickled salt and pepper, which a...

Accrued Interest Accounting Equation, Full Support Priest Skill Build Ragnarok Classic, Pink Flower Emoji Meaning Whatsapp, Rintaro Take Out Menu, How To Set Two Header In Html, Metropolis 2001 Full Movie English Dub, Best Restaurants In Venice Beach, What Can I Use My Sba Disaster Loan For, Bpi Credit Card Installment Promo 2019, Molly Waters The Voice,

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

one × 5 =